The Vertebrates References

Sarcopterygii: References

Abbreviated Dendrogram



Ahlberg , PE 1995 Elginerpeton pancheni and the earliest tetrapod clade. Nature, 373: 420-425. Elginerpeton, Elginerpetonidae, Obruchevichthys, Ventastega.

Ahlberg, PE 1998), Postcranial stem tetrapod remains from the Devonian of Scat Craig, Morayshire, Scotland. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 122: 99-141. Elginerpeton.

Ahlberg, PE (2004), Comment on "The early evolution of the tetrapod humerus." Science 305: 1715c. Elginerpeton.

Ahlberg, PE & JA Clack (1998), Lower jaws, lower tetrapods -- a review based on the Devonian genus Acanthostega. Trans. Roy. Soc. (Edinburgh), Earth Sci., 89: 11-46.  Metaxygnathus, Obruchevichthys, Panderichthys, Ventastega.

Ahlberg, PE & Z Johanson 1997), Second tristichopterid (Sarcopterygii, Osteolepiformes) from the Upper Devonian of Canowindra, New South Wales, Australia, and phylogeny of the Tristichopteridae. J. Vert. Paleontol. 17: 653-673. Cabonnichthys, Osteolepiformes, Tristichopteridae.

Ahlberg, PE & Z Johanson 1998) Osteolepiforms and the ancestry of tetrapods. Nature 395: 792-794. Osteolepiformes.

Ahlberg, PE & E Luksevics (2004) New light on the Devonian tetrapod Ventastega curonica. 10th Intl. Symp. Early Vert. Lower Vert., p. 10 (abstr). Elginerpeton, Ventastega.

Ahlberg, PE & AR Milner (1994), The origin and early diversification of tetrapods. Nature 368: 507-514. Elpistostegalia, Osteolepiformes.

Ahlberg, PE, JA Clack & E Lukševičs 1996), Rapid braincase evolution between Panderichthyes and the earliest tetrapods. Nature 381: 61-64. Panderichthys.

Ahlberg, PE, M Friedman & H Blom (2005), New light on the earliest known tetrapod jaw. J. Vert. Paleontol. 25: 720-724. Elginerpeton.

Ahlberg, PE, E Lukševičs & E Mark-Kurik (2000), A near-tetrapod from the Baltic Middle Devonian. Palaeontology 43: 533-548. Elpistostegalia, Livoniana, Osteolepiformes.

Anderson LC & PD Roopnarine (2005) Role of constraint and selection in the morphologic evolution of Caryocorbula (Mollusca: Corbulidae) from the Caribbean Neogene. Palaeont. Elec. 8: 32A. Holopterygius.

Andrews, SM (1973), Interrelationships of crossopterygians in PH Greenwood, RS Miles & C Patterson [eds.], Interrelationships of Fishes. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 53(supp.1): 137-177. Onychodontiformes, Onychodus, Strunius.

Andrews, SM & TS Westoll (1970), The postcranial skeleton of Eusthenopteron foordi Whiteaves. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin. 68: 207–329. Eusthenopteron.

Andrews, SM & TS Westoll 1970a), The postcranial skeleton of rhipidistian fishes excluding Eusthenopteron. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin. 68: 391–489 (1970). Eusthenopteron, Megalichthyidae, Osteolepididae, Osteolepiformes, Rhizodontiformes, Tristichopteridae.

Basden, AM & GC Young (2001), A primitive actinopterygian neurocranium from the Early Devonian of southeastern Australia. J. Vert. Paleontol. 21: 754-766. Sarcopterygii

Campbell, KSW & RE Barwick (1995), The primitive dipnoan dental plate. J. Vert. Paleontol. 15: 13-27. Diabolepis; Dipnoi; Youngolepis.

Carroll, RL (1988), Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, WH Freeman & Co., 698 pp. Actinistia, Diabolepis, Eusthenopteron, Osteolepididae, Osteolepiformes, Rhipidistia.

Chang, M-M & MM Smith 1992), Is Youngolepis a porolepiform? J. Vert. Paleontol. 12: 294-312. Diabolepis; Powichthys; Youngolepis.

Clack, JA 1997), Devonian tetrapod trackways and trackmakers; a review of the fossils and footprints. Palaeogeog. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol., 130: 227-250. Elpistostegalia, Obruchevichthys.

Clack, JA (2002), Gaining Ground: the Origin and Evolution of Tetrapods. Indiana Univ. Press, 369 pp. Elpistostegalia, Elpistostege, Osteolepiformes, Panderichthys, Rhizodontiformes, Ventastega.

Clack, JA 2002a), The dermal skull roof of Acanthostega gunnari, an early tetrapod from the Late Devonian. Trans. R. Soc. Edin., Earth Sci. 93: 17-33.  Ventastega.

Clack, JA 2003), A revised reconstruction of the dermal skull roof of Acanthostega, an early tetrapod from the Late Devonian. Trans. R. Soc. Edin., Earth Sci. 93: 163-165. Ventastega.

Clement, G (2005), A new coelacanth (Actinistia, Sarcopterygii) frm the Jurassic of France, and the question of the closest relative fossil to Latimeria. J. Vert. Paleontol. 25: 481-491. Dendrogram.

Clement, G, PE Ahlberg, A Blieck, H Blom, JA Clack, E Poty, J Thorez, & P Janvier 2004), Devonian tetrapod from western Europe. Nature 427: 412-413  Ventastega.

Cloutier, R & PE Ahlberg 1996), Morphology, characters, and the interrelationships of basal sarcopterygians, in LJ Stiassny LR Parent & GD Johnson (eds.), Interrelationships of Fishes. Academic Press, pp. 445-479. Canowindridae, Grossius, Onychodontiformes, Osteolepididae, Osteolepiformes, Panderichthys, Rhizodontiformes, Rhipidistia, Sarcopterygii, Strunius,Tetrapodomorpha.

Coates, MI 1996), The Devonian tetrapod Acanthostega gunnari Jarvik: postcranial anatomy, basal tetrapod interrelationships and patterns of skeletal evolution. Trans. R. Soc. Edin, Earth Sci. 87: 363-421. Elginerpeton, Elpistostegalia, Elpistostege, Eusthenopteron, Panderichthys.

Coates, MI & JA Clack (1991), Fish-like gills and breathing in the earliest known tetrapod. Nature 352: 234-236.  Elginerpeton

Coates, MI, JE Jeffery & M Ruta (2002), Fins to limbs: what the fossils say. Evol. & Devel. 4: 390-401. Elginerpeton, Elpistostegalia, Eusthenopteron, Panderichthys, Rhipidistia, Rhizodontiformes.

Coates, MI, NH Shubin & EB Daeschler 2004), Response to comment on "The early evolution of the tetrapod humerus." Science 305: 1715d. Elginerpeton

Cote, S, R Carroll, R Cloutier & L Bar-Sagi (2002), Vertebral development in the Devonian sarcopterygian fish Eusthenopteron foordi and the polarity of vertebral evolution in non-amniote tetrapods. J. Vert. Paleontol. 22: 487-502.

Daeschler, EB (2000), Early tetrapod jaws from the Late Devonian of Pennsylvania, USA. J. Paleont. 74: 301-308.  Ventastega.

Daeschler, EB, NH Shubin, KS Thomson & WW Amaral (1994), A Devonian tetrapod from North America. Science 265: 639-642. Elginerpeton  

Forey, PL (1981), The coelacanth Rhabdoderma in the British Isles. Palaeontology 24: 203-229. Actinistia, Diplocercides, Rhabdoderma.

Forey, PL (1998), History of the Coelacanth Fishes. Chapman & Hall, 419 pp. Actinistia, Allenypterus, Caridosuctor, Diplocercides, Euporosteus, Hadronector, Lochmocercus, Miguashaia, Polyosteorhynchus, Rhabdoderma.

Forey, PL, PE Ahlberg , E Lukševičs & I Zupinš (2000), A new coelacanth from the Middle Devonian of Latvia. J. Vert Paleontol. 20: 243-252. Actinistia, Diplocercides, Miguashaia, Sarcopterygii.

Frieß, M [Friess] (2003), An application of the relative warps analysis to problems in human paleontology - with notes on raw data quality. Image Anal. Stereol. 22: 63-72. Holopterygius.

Friedman, M & MI Coates 2005), A newly recognized fossil coelacanth highlights the early morphological diversification of the clade. Proc. Roy. Soc. Bio. 273: 245-250. Holopterygius, Sarcopterygii: Cladogram.

Ginter, M. (2002), Chondrichthyan fauna of the Frasnian–Famennian boundary beds in Poland. Acta Pal. Pol. 47: 329–338.  WWW. Strunius

Hinchliffe, JR (2002), Developmental Basis of Limb Evolution. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 46: 835-845. WWW.

Hutchinson, JR (2001), The evolution of pelvic osteology and soft tissues on the line to extant birds Neornithes). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 131: 123-168. Dipnomorpha.

Huysentruyt, F & D Adriaens (2005), Descriptive osteology of Corydoras aeneus Siluriformes: Callichthyidae). Cybium, 29: 261-273.  Diplocercides.

Janvier, P (1980), Osteolepid remains from the Middle East with particular reference to the endoskeletal shoulder girdle, in AL Panchen [ed.], The Terrestrial Environment and the Origin of Land Vertebrates. Systematics Assoc. Spec. Pub. 15: 223-254. Megalichthyidae, Osteolepididae, Osteolepiformes.

Janvier, P (1996), Early Vertebrates, Oxford, 393 pp. Actinistia, Canowindridae, Dipnomorpha; Elpistostegalia, Megalichthyidae, Osteolepididae, Osteolepiformes, Overview, Porolepiformes, Rhizodontiformes, Youngolepis.

Jarvik, E (1980), Basic Structure and Evolution of Vertebrates, Academic Press, 1: 575 pp. Actinistia, Diplocercides.

Jarvik, E 1996), The Devonian tetrapod Ichthyostega. Fossils & Strata 40: 1–213.  Elginerpeton.

Jessen, H (1973), Weitere fischreste aus dem Oberen Plattenkalk der Bergisch-Gladbach Paffrather Mulde Oberdevon Rheinisches Schiefergebirge). Palaeontographica A 143: 159-187.  Diplocercides, Holopterygius.

Johanson, Z & PE Ahlberg 1997), New tristichopterid (Osteolepiformes; Sarcopterygii) from the Mandagery Sandstone (Famennian) near Canowindra, N.S.W., Australia. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin. 88: 39-53. Cabonnichthys, Eusthenopteron, Mandageria, Megalichthyidae, Osteolepididae, Osteolepiformes, Panderichthys, Rhizodontiformes, Tristichopteridae.

Johanson, Z, PE Ahlberg & A Ritchie 2003), The braincase and palate of the tetrapodomorph sarcopterygian Mandageria fairfaxi: morphological variability near the fishtetrapod transition. Palaeontology 46: 271–293. Mandageria, Panderichthys, Rhipidistia, Sarcopterygii.

Johanson Z, S Turner & A Warren 2000), First East Gondwanan record of Strepsodus (Sarcopterygii, Rhizodontida) from the Lower Carboniferous Ducabrook Formation, central Queensland, Australia. Geodiversitas 22: 161-169.

Kluge, AG (1989), A concern for evidence and a phylogenetic hypothesis of relationships among Epicrates (Boidae, Serpentes). Syst. Zool. 38: 7-25. Dipnomorpha.

Laurin, M, M Girondot & A deRicqlès 2000), Early tetrapod evolution. Tree 15: 118-123. WWW. 

Lebedev, OA & MI Coates (1995), The postcranial skeleton of the Devonian tetrapod Tulerpeton curtum Lebedev. Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 114: 307-348.  Elginerpeton.

Lee, MSY (1997a), The phylogeny of varanoid lizards and the affinities of snakes. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 352: 53-91. Dipnomorpha.

Lelièvre, H & P Janvier 1988), Un actinistien (Sarcopterygii: Vertebrata) dans le Dévonien Supérieur du Maroc. CR Acad. Sci. Paris (sér. 2) 307: 1425-1430. Actinistia, Diplocercides.

Liem, KF, WE Bemis, WF Walker & L Grande (2001), Functional Anatomy of the Vertebrates: an Evolutionary Perspective [3rd ed.]. Harcourt College, 703+ pp. Eusthenopteron, Tristichopteridae.

Long, JA (1995), The Rise of Fishes: 500 Million Years of Evolution. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 223 pp. Actinistia, Allenypterus, Canowindridae, Megalichthyidae, Onychodus, Osteolepididae, Osteolepiformes, Porolepiformes; Powichthys; Rhizodontiformes, Youngolepis.

Long, JA (2001), On the relationships of Psarolepis and the onychodontiform fishes. J. Vert. Paleontol. 21: 815-820. Onychodontiformes, Onychodus, Psarolepis, Sarcopterygii.

Long, JA & MS Gordon (2004) The greatest step in vertebrate history: a paleobiological review of the fish-tetrapod transition. Physiol. Biochem. Zool., 77: 700-719. Elpistostegalia, Obruchevichthys, Ventastega.

Lund, R & WL Lund (1984), New genera and species of coelacanths from the Bear Gulch Limestone (Lower Carboniferous) of Montana (U.S.A.). Geobios, 17: 237-244. Allenypterus, Caridosuctor, Hadronector, Lochmocercus, Polyosteorhynchus, Rhabdoderma.

Lund, R & WL Lund (1985), Coelacanths from the Bear Gulch Limestone (Namurian) of Montana and the evolution of the Coelacanthiformes. Bull. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. 25: 1-74. Hadronector, Polyosteorhynchus, Rhabdoderma.

Mazan, S, D Jaillard, B Baratte & P Janvier (2000), Otx1 gene-controlled morphogenesis of the horizontal semicircular canal and the origin of the gnathostome characteristics. Evol. & Devel. 2: 186-193.

Miller, RF, R Cloutier & S Turner 2003), The oldest articulated chondrichthyan from the Early Devonian period. Nature 425: 501-504. Psarolepis.

Motta, PJ & CD Wilga (1999), Anatomy of the feeding apparatus of the nurse shark, Ginglymostoma cirratum. J. Morphol. 241:33–60. Diplocercides.

Moy-Thomas, JA & RS Miles 1971), Palaeozoic Fishes (2nd ed.). Chapman & Hall. Onychodontiformes, Strunius.

Rieppel, O & H Zaher (2000), The braincases of mosasaurs and Varanus, and the relationships of snakes. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 129: 489-514. Dipnomorpha.

Ruta, M, MI Coates & DLJ Quicke (2003), Early tetrapod relationships revisited. Biol. Rev. 78: 251-345. Elpistostegalia, Ventastega.

Schultze, H-P (1973), Crossopterygier mit heterzerker schwanzflosse aus dem Oberdevon Kanadas, nebst einer beschreibung von Onychodontida-Resten aus dem Mittledevon Spaniens und aus dem Karbon der USA. Palaeontographica Abt. A. 143: 188-208.  Grossius, Onychodontiformes, Onychodus, Strunius.

Schultze, H-P (1994), Comparison of hypotheses on the relationship of sarcopterygians. Syst. Biol. 43: 155-173. Diabolepis; Dipnomorpha.

Schultze, H-P & M Arsenault 1985), The panderichthyid fish Elpistostege: a close relative of tetrapods? Palaeontology 28: 293-309. Elpistostegalia, Osteolepiformes.

Schultze H.-P & M Arsenault 1987), Quebecius quebecensis (Whiteaves), a porolepiform crossopterygian (Pisces) from the Late Devonian of Quebec, Canada. Can. J. Earth Sci. 24: 2351-2361. Onychodontiformes.

Schultze, H-P & J Chorn 1997), The Permo-Carboniferous genus Sagenodus and the beginning of modern lungfish. Contrib. Zool. 61: 9-70. Dipnoi.

Shubin, N (1995), The evolution of paired fins and the origin of tetrapod limbs. Evol. Biol. 28: 39–85. Dipnomorpha, Panderichthys, Tetrapodomorpha.

Shubin, NH, EB Daeschler & MI Coates (2004), The early evolution of the tetrapod humerus. Science 304: 90-93. Elpistostegalia, Panderichthys, Ventastega.

Tang C & JH Pantel (2005), Combining morphometric and paleoecological analyses: Examining small-scale dynamics in species-level and community-level evolution. Pal. Elect. 8: 33A. Holopterygius.

Vickers-Rich, P & TH Rich 1999), Wildlife of Gondwana Indiana Univ. Press., 304 pp. Canowindridae.

Vorobyeva, EI (1980), Observations on two rhipidistian fishes from the Upper Devonian of Lode, Latvia. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 70: 191-201. Panderichthys.

Vorobyeva, EI & H-P Schultze (1991), Description and systematics of panderichthyid fishes with comments on their relationship to tetrapods, in H-P Schultze & L Trueb (eds.), Origins of the Higher Groups of Tetrapods Comstock, pp 68-109. Elpistostege, Osteolepiformes, Panderichthys, Rhipidistia, Tetrapodomorpha.

Young, GC, JA Long & A Ritchie (1992), Crossopterygian fishes from the Devonian of Antarctica: systematics, relationships and biogeographic significance. Rec. Aus. Mus. Supp. 14, 77 pp.

Yu, X-B (1998), A new porolepiform-like fish, Psarolepis romeri, gen. et sp. nov. (Sarcopterygii, Osteichthyes) from the Lower Devonian of Yunnan, China. J. Vert. Paleontol. 18: 261-274. Porolepiformes, Psarolepis.

Zhu, M & P Janvier (1994), Un onychodontide (Vertebrata, Sarcopterygii) du Dévonien Inferieur de Chine. C.R. Séances Acad. Sci. sér 2, 319: 951-956. Onychodontiformes.

Zhu, M. & H-P Schultze (1997), The oldest sarcopterygian fish. Lethaia 30: 293-304. Psarolepis, Strunius.

Zhu, M & X-B Yu (2002), A primitive fish close to the common ancestor of tetrapods and lungfish. Nature 418: 767-770. Achoania, Actinistia, Sarcopterygii, Styloichthys, Youngolepis.

Zhu, M, PE Ahlberg, W Zhao & L Jia (2002), First Devonian tetrapod from Asia . Nature  420: 760-761. Ventastega.

Zhu, M, X-B Yu & PE Ahlberg (2001), A primitive sarcopterygian fish with an eyestalk. Nature 410: 81-84. Achoania.

Zhu, M, X-B Yu & P Janvier 1999), A primitive fossil fish sheds light on the origin of bony fishes. Nature 397: 607-610. Onychodontiformes, Porolepiformes, Psarolepis.

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