The Vertebrates References

Therapsida: References

Abbreviated Dendrogram
Synapsida │ └─Therapsida ├─Biarmosuchia └─┬─Dinocephalia └─┬─Anomodontia │ ├─Venyukovioidea │ └─Dicynodontia └─Theriodontia ├─Gorgonopsia └─┬─Therocephalia └─Cynodontia


Abdala, F.; Rubidge, B. S.; and Heever, J. A. van den (2008). "The oldest therocephalians (Therapsida, Eutheriodontia) and the early diversification of Therapsida". Palaeontology 51: 1011–1024. Raranimus

Bakker, RT (1975), Dinosaur Renaissance, Scientific American 232: 58­78. Tapinocephalidae.

Bakker, RT (1986), The Dinosaur Heresies : New Theories Unlocking the Mystery of the Dinosaurs and Their Extinction. Wm. Morrow & Co., Reissue edition August 1996). Tapinocephalidae.

Barghusen, HR (1975), A review of fighting adaptions in dinocephalians Reptilia, Therapsida), Paleobiology 1: 295-311. Struthiocephalus, Tapinocephalidae.

Battail, B & MV Surkov (2000), Mammal-like reptiles from Russia in MJ Benton, MA Shishkin, DM Unwin & EN Kurochkin eds.), The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia, Cambridge Univ. Press, pp 86-119. Anoplosuchus, Anteosauria, Archaeosyodon,Biarmosuchia, Brithopus, Chthomaloporus, Deuterosaurus, Dolisauriscus, Eotitanosuchia, Estemmenosuchidae, Estemmenosuchus, Lystrosaurus, Molybdopygus, Notosyodon, Phthinosuchidae, Syodon, Tapinocephalidae, Therapsida, Ulemosaurus.

Boonstra, LD (1956), The skull of Tapinocephalus and its near relatives. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 43: 137-169. Tapinocephalidae.

Boonstra, LD (1963), Diversity within the South African Dinocephalia. S. Afr. J. Sci. 59: 196-206. Tapinocephalidae, Ulemosaurus.

Boonstra, LD (1965), The skull of Struthiocephalus kitchingi. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 48: 251-265. Struthiocephalus, Tapinocephalidae.

Boonstra, LD (1969), The fauna of the Tapinocephalus Zone (Beaufort Beds of the Karoo). Ann S. Afr. Mus. 56: 1-73. Anteosaurus, Jonkeria, Struthiocephalus,Tapinocephalia.

Brink, AS (1956), Struthiocephalus kirchingi sp. nov. Palaeont. Afr. 5: 39-56. Struthiocephalus.

Carroll, RL (1988), Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, WH Freeman & Co., 698 pp. Anomodontia, Dicynodontia, Dromasauria, Phthinosuchidae, Therapsida Overview, Venyukovioidea.

Cheng, Z.; and Li, J. (1997). "A new genus of primitive dinocephalian—the third report on Late Permian Dashankou lower tetrapod fauna". Vertebrata Palasiatica 35: 35-43. Raranimus, Stenocybus,

Conrad, J & C Sidor (2001), Re-evaluation of Tetraceratops insignis (Synapsida: Sphenacodontia). J. Vert. Paleontol. 21: 42A (abstract). Tetraceratops, Therapsida Overview, Raranimus .

Cox, B, RJG Savage, B Gardiner & D Dixon (1988), Collins Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. Collins Publishers Aus. 312 pp. Tapinocephalidae, Therapsida Overview

Gregory, WT (1926), The skeleton of Moschops capensis Broom, a dinocephalian reptile from the Permian of South Africa. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 56: 179-251. Tapinocephalidae.

Hancox, PJ & BA Rubidge (1997), The role of fossils in interpreting the development of the Karoo basin. Palaeontol. Afr. 33: 41-54. Therapsida Overview

Hopson, JA (1969), The Origin and Adaptive Radiation of Mammal-Like Reptiles and Non-Therian Mammals. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 167: 199-216. Therapsida Overview, Theriodonta

Hopson, JA & HR Barghusen (1986), An analysis of therapsid relationships in N Hotton, III, PD MacLean, JJ Roth & EC Roth, The Ecology and Biology of Mammal-like Reptiles, Smithsonian Inst. Press, pp. 83-106. Eotitanosuchia, Therapsida.

Ivakhnenko, MF (1999), Biarmosuches from the Ocher faunal assemblage of Eastern Europe. Paleontol. J. 33: 289-296. Biarmosuchia, Eotitanosuchia, Therapsida Overview

Ivakhnenko, M. F. (2005). "Comparative survey of Lower Permian tetrapod faunas of eastern Europe and South Africa". Paleontological Journal 39 (1): 66-71. Raranimus

Jacobs, L.L., Winkler, D.A., Newman, K.D., Gomani, E. M. , and Deino, A. (2005), Therapsids from the Permian Chiweta Beds and the Age of the Karoo Supergroup in Malawi, Palaeontologia Electronica Vol. 8, Issue 1; 28A:23p, 1.1MB;

Kemp, T. S. (2005). The Origin and Evolution of Mammals. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press.

Kemp, T. S. (2006). "The origin and early radiation of the therapsid mammal-like reptiles: a palaeobiological hypothesis". Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19 (4): 1231-1247. Raranimus

King, GM (1988), Anomodontia, in Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology. Gutsav Fischer Verlag. Part 17 C. Anteosauria, Brithopus, Chthomaloporus,, Estemmenosuchidae, Struthiocephalus, Tapinocephalia.

King, GM (1990), The Dicynodonts: A Study in Palaeobiology, Chapman & Hall. Dicynodontia

Langston, W (1965), Oedalops campi (Reptilia: Pelycosauria) new genus and species from the Lower Permian of New Mexico, and the family Eothyrididae. Bull. Tex. Mem. Mus. #9, 47 pp. Therapsida Overview.

Laurin, M & RR Reisz (1996), The osteology and relationships of Tetraceratops insignis, the oldest known therapsid. J. Vert. Paleontol. 16: 95-102. Tetraceratops,Therapsida, Therapsida Overview.

Liu, J., Rubidge, B., and Li, J. 2009. New basal synapsid supports Laurasian origin for therapsids. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 54 (3): 393–400. DOI: 10.4202/app.2008.0071. pdf. Raranimus

Lucas, S. G. (2004). "A global hiatus in the Middle Permian tetrapod fossil record". Stratigraphy 1: 47-64. Raranimus

Luo, Z-X, Z Kielan-Jaworowska & RL Cifelli 2002), In quest for a phylogeny of Mesozoic mammals. Acta Palaeontol. Pol. 47: 1-78. Theriodonta.

Modesto, SP, B Rubidge & J Welman (1999), The most basal anomodont therapsid and the primacy of Gondwana in the evolution of the anomodonts. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond, B 266: 331-337. Neotherapsida.

Modesto, SP & N Rybczynski (2000), The amniote faunas of the Russian Permian: implications for Late Permian terrestrial vertebrate biogeography, in MJ Benton, MA Shishkin, DM Unwin & EN Kurochkin eds.), The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia, Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. 17-34. Therapsida Overview.

Müller, AH (1985), Lehrbuch der Paläozoologie - Bd.III, Vertebraten. Gustav Fischer Verlag, 665 pp. Anteosaurus, Deuterosaurus

Ochev, V.G., 2001. Zonal stratigraphic correlations of the Upper Permian from the Cis-Urals and South Africa according to tetrapods, 6th European Workshop on Vertebrate Palaeontology - Florence and Montevarchi (Italy) - September 19-22, 2001 p.42. Therapsida Overview.

Olson, EC (1962), Late Permian terrestrial vertebrates, USA and USSR, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 52(2). Anteosauria, Doliosauriscus, Estemmenosuchidae, Syodon.

Romer, A. S.; and Price, L. I. (1940). "Review of the Pelycosauria". Geological Society of America Special papers 28: 1-538. Raranimus

Rubidge, BS & CA Sidor (2001), Evolutionary patterns among Permo-Triassic therapsids. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 32: 449-480. AnteosauriaBiarmosuchia, Dinocephalia, Eutherapsida, Eutheriodontia, Gorgonopsia, Neotherapsida, Stenocybus, Tapinocephalia, Therapsida, Theriodontia.

Rubidge, BS & CA Sidor (2002), On the cranial morphology of the basal therapsids Burnetia and Proburnetia Therapsida: Burnetidae). J. Vert Paleontol. 22: 257-267.

Sidor, C. A.; and Hopson, J. A. (1995). The taxonomic status of the Upper Permian eotheriodont therapsids of the San Angelo Formation (Guadalupian), Texas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 15:(3 Supplement), 53A. Anteosauria

Sidor, C. A.; and Hopson, J. A. (1998). "Ghost lineages and "mammalness": Assessing the temporal pattern of character acquisition in the Synapsida". Paleobiology 24: 254–273. Raranimus

Sidor, C. A., J., and Welman, 2003, A second specimen of Lemurosaurus pricei (Therapsida: Burnetiamorpha): Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 23. 631-642. ( pdf
Burnetiamorpha, Burnetiidae, Lemurosaurus.

Sigogneau-Russell, D (1989), Theriodontia I - Phthinosuchia, Biarmosuchia, Eotitanosuchia, Gorgonopsia, in Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology. Gutsav Fischer Verlag, Part 17 B I. Biarmosuchidae, Eotitanosuchia

Surkov, MV, NN Kalandadze & MJ Benton (2005), Lystrosaurus georgi, a dicynodont from the Lower Triassic of Russia. J. Vert Paleontol. 25: 402-413

Tatarinov, LP (1999), A new eotitanosuchid Reptilia, Therapsida) from the Kazanian Stage (Upper Permian) of Udmurtia. Paleonotol. J. 33: 660-666. Eotitanosuchia.

Patricia Vickers-Rich and Thomas H. Rich, The Great Russian Dinosaurs, ICI, Guntar Graphics, 1993, Eotitanosuchia, Estemmenosuchidae,

checked ATW041118; last modified MAK091111