The Vertebrates References

Cynodontia: References

Abbreviated Dendrogram

Basal Cynodonts
Basal Cynodonts

Barghusen, HR (1968), The lower jaw of cynodonts (Reptilia, Therapsida) and the evolutionary origin of mammal-like adductor jaw musculature. Postilla 116: 1-49. Cynodontia.

Battail, B & MV Surkov (2000), Mammal-like reptiles from Russia in MJ Benton, MA Shishkin, DM Unwin & EN Kurochkin eds.), The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia, Cambridge Univ. Press, pp 86-119. Dvinia, Nanocynodon, Procynosuchidae.

Carroll, RL (1988), Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, WH Freeman & Co., 698 pp. Epicynodontia, Procynosuchidae, Thrinaxodon.

Crompton, AW & P Parker (1978), Evolution of the mammalian masticatory apparatus. Amer. Sci. 66: 192-201. Procynosuchidae.

Hillenius, WJ (1994), Turbinates in therapsids: evidence for Late Permian origins of mammalian endothermy. Evolution 48: 207-229. Thrinaxodon.

Hopson, JA (1991), Systematics of the nonmammalian Synapsida and implications for patterns of evolution in synapsids, in H-P Schultze & L Trueb [eds], Origins of the Higher Groups of Tetrapods: Controversy and Consensus. Comstock, pp. 635-693. Cynodontia, Dvinia, Epicynodontia, Parathrinaxodon, Procynosuchus.

Hopson, JA & HR Barghusen (1986), An analysis of therapsid relationships in N Hotton, III, PD MacLean, JJ Roth & EC Roth [eds.], The Ecology and Biology of Mammal-like Reptiles. Smithsonian Inst. Press, pp. 83-106. Cynodontia, Dvinia,Epicynodontia, Galesauridae, Procynosuchidae.

Hopson, JA & JW Kitching (1972), A Revised Classification of the Cynodonts (Reptilia; Therapsida), Paleontol. Afr., 14: 17-85. Cynognathidae, Oligokyphus, Tritheledontidae, Tritylodon.

Hopson, JA & JW Kitching (2001), A probainognathian cynodont from South Africa and the phylogeny of non-mammalian cynodonts. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 156: 5-35. Cynodontia, Epicynodontia.

Kemp, TS (1982), Mammal-like Reptiles and the Origin of Mammals. Academic Press. Bolotridon, Cynodontia, Cynosaurus, Dvinia, Epicynodontia, Galesauridae, Galesaurus, Procynosuchidae, Procynosuchus, Thrinaxodon.

Kermack, KA (1963), The cranial structure of the triconodonts. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 243: 83-103. Cynodontia.

Luo, Z-X (2001), The inner ear and its bony housing in tritylodontids and implications for evolution of the mammalian ear.  Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 156: 81-97.

Luo, Z-X, Z Kielan-Jaworowska & RL Cifelli 2002), In quest for a phylogeny of Mesozoic mammals. Acta Palaeontol. Pol. 47: 1-78. Tritheledontidae, Tritylodontidae

Rowe, T (1996), Coevolution of the mammalian middle ear and neocortex. Science 273: 651-654. Procynosuchidae

Rubidge, BS & CA Sidor (2001), Evolutionary patterns among Permo-Triassic therapsids. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 32: 449-480. Cynodontia, Cynognathia, Eucynodontia, Probainognathia, Tritylodontidae.

Sidor, CA (2001), Simplification as a trend in synapsid cranial evolution. Evolution 55: 1419-1442. Cynodontia, Epicynodontia.

Sidor, CA & JA Hopson (1998), Ghost lineages and "mammalness": assessing the temporal pattern of character acquisition in the Synapsida. Paleobiology 24: 254-273. Cynodontia, Dvinia, Epicynodontia, Galesauridae, Procynosuchus, Thrinaxodon.

Sidor, CA & RMH Smith (2004), A new galesaurid (Therapsida: Cynodontia) from the Lower Triassic of South Africa. Palaeontology 47: 535-556. Epicynodontia, Progalesaurus.

Tatarinov, LP (1968), Morphology and systematics of the northern Dvinia cynodonts (Reptilia, Therapsida; Upper Permian). Postilla 126: 1-15. Dvinia.

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