Palaeos: Palaeos Tetrapoda
The Vertebrates Eucritta

Tetrapoda: Eucritta


Abbreviated Dendrogram
SARCOPTERYGII
|
TETRAPODA
|--Acanthostega
`--+--Ichthyostega
   `--+--Crassigyrinus
      `--+--Colosteidae
         |  `--Greererpeton
         `--+--Baphetidae
            |  |--Loxomma   
            |  `--+--Baphetes  
            |     `--Megalocephalus
            |--Eucritta
            `--Tetrapoda*
               |--TEMNOSPONDYLI
               `--+--LEPOSPONDYLI
                  `--REPTILIOMORPHA
Contents

Overview
Tetrapoda
Colosteidae
Baphetidae
Baphetidae (2)
Eucritta
Tetrapoda*
Dendrogram
References


Taxa on this Page

  1. Eucritta X

Eucritta melanolimnetes

The Creature from the Black LagoonEucritta melanolimnetes is The Creature from the Black Lagoon. No, not that creature, this creature! The Creature from the Black LagoonIt was a very primitive and modest sized (about 25 centimetres long, not nearly big enough to carry off maidens) amphibian, that is extraordinary for its combination of amphibian and reptilian - or to put it more technically, baphetid, temnospondyli, and anthracosaurian - characteristics. The presence of so many different traits makes its exact placement uncertain. The best we can say is that it is a good representative of the sort of ancestral type from which all other tetrapods (all amphibians and reptiles apart from the primitive ancestral ones described in this unit) might have evolved. MAK111110



Descriptions

EucrittaEucritta:  E. melanolimnetes Clack 1998

Range: Early Carboniferous (Brigantian, latest Visťan) of Europe (Britain). 

Phylogeny: Tetrapoda ::::: Tetrapoda* + Baphetidae + *.

Characters: $ snout short with nasals square or hexagonal; full compliment of dermal roofing bones [C98]; orbit anteroventrally embayed (perhaps only in larger individuals) [C01]; frontals long & narrow, without participation in orbit [C01]; prefrontal only weakly sutured to lacrimal & nasals [C01]; $ postorbital broadly crescentic without ventral process into orbit margin [C98]; $ skull table approximately square [C98]; parietals short, forming hexagonal plate [C01]; pineal foramen just posterior to orbits [C01]; postparietals relatively long [C01]; intertemporal present [C01]; $ supratemporal broadly crescentic [C98]; supratemporal contacts postparietal [C98]; supratemporal surrounds most of otic notch (not squamosal) [C98]; $ distance from apex of otic notch to orbit less than diameter of orbit [C98]; tabulars square, without button or horn (C01 notes that horn may have been lost) [C01]; paraquadrate foramen present [C01]; quadrate with broad dorsal plate and ventral articular surface [C01]; parasphenoid with broad triangular body thickened at edges in anterior portion [C98] [C01]; parasphenoid body with median smooth depression [C01];  parasphenoid with narrow cultriform process [C01]; basicranial articulation not fused [C98]; palate closed [C98]; broad vomerine plate [C98]; pterygoids meeting on midline [C98]; lower jaw of "standard" tetrapod pattern [C01]; coronoid-type crest & retroarticular process both absent [C01]; $ maxillary tooth count 38-40 with peak at positions 7-14 [C98]; fang pairs on vomers and palatines [C98]; palatines, vomers maybe all palatal bones, denticulated & striated [C01]; possible ectopterygoid tooth row [C01]; pterygoids and parasphenoid denticulated [C98]; cultriform process not denticulated [C01]; denticles and striations even on distal portion of quadrate ramus (!?) [C01]; pterygoids "striated" [C01]; dentary teeth unknown [C01]; axial skeleton poorly ossified circle [C98]; cervical ribs long, straight & somewhat expanded distally [C01]; trunk ribs only slightly curved & not expanded [C98] [C01]; single pair of stout sacral ribs [C01]; cleithrum present, long, straight, well-ossified, and expanded distally to wedge-shaped terminus [C98] [C01]; clavicles do not meet on mid-line [C01]; clavicle with dorsal blade having posterior face concave (cleithral articulation) [C01]; interclavicle diamond-shaped [C98]; interclavicle anterior edge crenellated (as some temnospondyls -- ATW) [C01]; scapulocoracoid single ossification, poorly ossified [C01] [C98]; humerus L-shaped [C98]; humerus entepicondyle quarter-circle [C98] [3]; humerus entepicondylar foramen present [C01]; ectepicondyle low [C01]; ulna more slender and slightly longer than radius [C01]; ulna with moderately developed olecranon process [C01]; manual unguals slender & tapered [C01]; ilium with both dorsal and posterior processes [C98]; femur ~ 18 mm (vs. 12-14 mm humerus) [C01]; tibia & fibula 11 mm, very similar, with interepipodial space [C01]; pes with five digits [C98]; pes phalangeal formula 2345? [C01]; ventral armor of narrow gastralia [C98]; dermal bone with pattern of radiating ridges [C01]. 

Notes: [1] as Clack (1998) notes, Eucritta is very close to basal temnospondyls in characters of the skull, except for the closed palate. [2] Clack (2001) makes the interesting point that the posterior stem on the interclavicle is a developmental artifact.  It gradually grows out into a full diamond-shape during ontogeny. [3] in Clack (2001) the entepicondyle is described as "triangular." From the figure in the later paper (at right), the "quarter-circle" may refer to the ectepicondyle.  

Comment: may be related to Temnospondyli

Links: AE TREE2000.pdf; relics: The creature from the black lagoon.  

References: Clack (1998) [C98], Clack (2001) [C01]. ATW020820.  



Images: Creature from the Black Lagoon (movie version) from The Uninhibited Uniform. Eucritta melanolimnetes life reconstruction by Dmitry Bogdanov MAK111112



checked ATW060327, revised MAK111110