Palaeos: Palaeos Placodermi
The Vertebrates References

Placodermi: References


Abbreviated Dendrogram
Gnathostomata
  |?==Acanthothoraci
  |--Rhenanida
  `--+--Antiarchi
     |  |--Yunnanolepidoidei
     |  `--EuantiarchaAntiarchi
     `--+--+--Petalichthyida
        |  `--Ptyctodontida
        `--+--Arthrodira
           ?  |--Actinolepidoidei
           |  `--+--Phlyctaenioidei
           |     `--+--Brachythoraci
           |        `--+--Coccosteomorphi
           |           `--+--Pachyosteomorphi
           |              `--Aspinothoracidi
           `==Acanthodii
              |--Chondrichthyes
              `--Osteichthyes
Contents

Overview
Placodermi
Acanthothoraci
Rhenanida
Antiarcha
Petalichthyida
Ptyctodontida
Arthrodira
Actinolepidoidei
Phyllolepida
Phlyctaenioidei
Brachythoraci
Coccosteomorphi
Pachyosteomorphi
Aspinothoracidi
Dendrogram
References


References


Anderson, P.S.L. and Westneat, M.W. (2006) "Feeding mechanics and bite force modelling of the skull of Dunkleosteus terrelli, an ancient apex predator", Biology letters, pp 76-79. pdf
Arthrodira - Dunkleosteus skull

Brazeau, M.D. 2009. The braincase and jaws of a Devonian 'acanthodian' and the origin of modern gnathostomes. Nature 457:305-308
Dendrogram

Carroll, RL (1988), Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, WH Freeman & Co., 698 pp.
Antiarcha, Dendrogram

Denison, R.H., 1978. Placodermi. In: Schultze, H.-P. (Ed.), Handbook of Paleoichthyology, vol. 2. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 128 pp.
Dendrogram

Gardiner, Brian G., 1984, The Relationship of Placoderms, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Vol. 4, No. 3, Essays Presented to Dr. Bobb Schaeffer (Nov., 1984), pp. 379-395 (1st page) (argues that placoderms are more closely related to osteichthyans than chondrichthyes)
Dendrogram

Goujet, D.F., 1984. Placoderm interrelationships: a new interpretation, with a short review of placoderm classifications. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 107, 211243.
Acanthothoraci - Phylogeny, Dendrogram

Goujet D.F 2001 Placoderms and basal gnathostome apomorphies, Ahlberg P.E In Major events in early vertebrate evolution: palaeontology, phylogeny and development vol. 61 Systematics association series. London, UK:Systematics Association pp.209-222.
Dendrogram

Janvier, P (1996), Early Vertebrates, Oxford, 393 pp.
Actinolepida; Actinolepidoidei, Antiarcha; Acanthothoraci - Phylogeny, Asterolepidoidei; Bothriolepidoidei; Brindabellaspis; Chuchinolepidae; Euantiarcha; Microbrachiidae; Rhenanida; Sinolepidae; Yunnanolepidae; Yunnanolepidoidei, Dendrogram.

Johanson, Z (1997), New antiarchs (Placodermi) from the Hunter Siltstone (Famennian) near Grenfell, N.S.W. Alcheringa, 21: 191-217.
Antiarcha

Johanson, Z (1997a), New Remigolepis (Placodermi; Antiarcha) from Canowindra, New South Wales, Australia. Geol. Mag. 134: 813-846.
Antiarcha

Johanson, Z (1998), The Upper Devonian fish Bothriolepis (Placodermi; Antiarchi) from near Canowindra, New South Wales, Australia. Rec. Aus. Mus. 50: 315-348.
Antiarcha; Bothriolepidoidei.

Johanson, Z., 2003: Placederm branchial and hypobranchial muscles and origin in jawed vertebrates. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology: Vol. 23, #4, pp. 735-749
Dendrogram

Johanson, Z & GC Young (1999), New Bothriolepis (Antiarcha: Placodermi) from the Braidwood region, New South Wales, Australia (Middle-Late Devonian). Rec. Aus Mus. Supp. 57: 55-75.
Antiarcha

Long, JA (1995), The Rise of Fishes: 500 Million Years of Evolution. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore & London, 223 pp.
Antiarcha; Asterolepidoidei; Bothriolepidoidei; Rhenanida; Sinolepidae; Weejasperaspididae Yunnanolepidae, Dendrogram

Long, JA, ME Anderson, R Gess & N Hiller (1997), New placoderm fishes from the Late Devonian of South Africa. J. Vert. Paleontol. 17: 253-268.
Bothriolepidoidei.

Long, J. A.; Trinajstic, K.; & Johanson, Z. (2009). Devonian arthrodire embryos and the origin of internal fertilization in vertebrates. Nature, Vol 457|26 February 2009| doi:10.1038/nature07732
Materpiscis

Miles, R.S. & Young, G.C. 1977. Placoderm interrelationships reconsidered in the light of new ptyctodontids from Gogo Western Australia. Linn. Soc. Symp. Series 4: 123-198.
Dendrogram

Ritchie, A, S-H Wang, GC Young & G-R Zhang (1992), The Sinolepidae, a family of antiarchs (placoderm fishes) from the Devonian of South China and Eastern AustraliaRec. Aus. Mus. 44: 319-370.

Smith, M. M. & Johanson, Z., 2003: Separate Evolutionary Origins of Teeth from Evidence in Fossil Jawed Vertebrates. Science: Vol. 299, pp. 1235-1236
Dendrogram

Young, G.C. 1980, A new Early Devonian placoderm from New South Wales, Australia, with a discussion of placoderm phylogeny: Palaeontographica 167A pp. 1076. 2 pl., 27 fig.
Acanthothoraci - Phylogeny, Brindabellaspis

Young, G. C. (1986). The relationships of placoderm fishes. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 88, 1-57.

Acanthothoraci - Phylogeny

Young, GC (2005), New phyllolepids (placederm fishes) from the Middle-Late Devonian of Southeastern AustraliaJ. Vert. Paleontol. 25: 261-273. 
Phyllolepida.

Young, GC & G-R Zhang (1996), New information on the morphology of yunnanolepid antiarchs (placoderm fishes) from the Early Devonian of South China. J. Vert. Paleontol. 16: 623-641.
Antiarcha; Yunnanolepidae.

Zhu, M & P Janvier (1996), A small antiarch, Minicrania lirouyii gen. et sp. nov., from the Early Devonian of Qujing, Yunnan (China), with remarks on antiarch phylogeny. J. Vert. Paleontol. 16: 1-15.
Antiarcha; Euantiarcha; Minicrania; Sinolepidae; Yunnanolepidae; Yunnanolepidoidei.




checked ATW051003, revised MAK111024