The Vertebrates Neoteleostei

Euteleostei: Neoteleostei

Specialized, mostly Cenozoic, teleosts

Abbreviated Dendrogram
Teleostei │ └─Euteleostei ├─Ostariophysi │ ├─Anotophysi │ └─Otophysi │ ├─Cypriniformes │ └─Siluriphysi └─Neognathi ├─┬─Salmoniformes │ └─Esociformes └─┬─Argentiniformes └─Neoteleostei ├─Stenopterygii └─Eurypterygii ├─Cyclosquamata └─Ctenosquamata ├─Scopelomorpha └─Acanthomorpha


Taxa on This Page

  1. Ctenosquamata
  2. Cyclosquamata
  3. Eurypterygii
  4. Neoteleostei
  5. Scopelomorpha
  6. Stenopterygii




Phylogeny: Neognathi: Esociformes + *: Stenopterygii + Eurypterygii.

Characters: pterygoid with teeth covering medial surface [$?JP97]; levator process present on epibranchial 4 [$?JP97]; first preural & first ural centra fused [$?JP97].

Links: NCBI Browser.

References: Johnson & Patterson (1997) [JP97]. ATW030419.

Chauliodus sloani Stenopterygii: Argyropelecus (hatchetfish); 321 spp, including lightfishes, marine hatchetfishes. Mostly weird, deep-sea forms.


Neoteleostei: Eurypterygii + *.

Characters: Deep sea fishes, often with photophores and large mouths, teeth present on both maxilla and premaxilla; some with chin barbel; adipose fin in some. ATW020619.


Range: from the Late Cretaceous? 

Phylogeny: Neoteleostei: Stenopterygii + *: Cyclosquamata + Ctenosquamata.

Links: Eurypterygii; Link to NCBI Front Page. ATW030402.

Saurida undosquamis (Richardson) Cyclosquamata:  = Aulopiformes) deep sea dwellers - 219 species lizardfish, barracudina.

Range: from the Late Cretaceous

Phylogeny: Eurypterygii: Ctenosquamata + *.

Characters: Premaxilla forming the gape of the mouth (maxilla excluded); upper jaw not protrusible; maxilla toothed; second pharyngobranchial greatly elongated posterolaterally, extending away from third pharyngobranchial, with elongated uncinate process of second epibranchial contacting third pharyngobranchial; third pharyngobranchial lacking cartilaginous condyle for articulation of second epibranchial; elongate pectoral, pelvic and caudal rays to sit on bottom; adipose fin present; caudal fin strongly forked; deep sea forms; many synchronous hermaphrodites.

Links: Cyclosquamata; Orders Summary; IWR- Taxa- Aulopiformes; Aulopiformes; Aulopiformes; Order Aulopiformes; ??? Aulopiformes; Poster 34TKAS 105 (2002); POISSON LÉZARD; The CDM's Earth Sciences Resource Site- SiteMap. ATW030403.



Phylogeny: Eurypterygii: Cyclosquamata + *: Scopelomorpha + Acanthomorpha

Links: Ctenosquamata; Link to NCBI Front Page. ATW030403.

Neoscopelus macrolepidotusScopelomorpha: = Myctophiformes). Blackchins & Lanternfishes. Classically, a paraphyletic superorder including Cyclosquamata and Myctophiformes.

Range: from the Late Cretaceous.

Phylogeny: Ctenosquamata: Acanthomorpha + *.

Characters: Head and body compressed (longitudinally); mouth usually large and terminal; eye lateral (dorsolateral in the myctophid Hierops); mesethmoid with median dorsal keel; first levator externus muscle reduced or absent; toothplate fused to proximal face of fourth ceratobranchial; fifth pharyngeal toothplate absent; usually 7-11 branchiostegal rays; first vertebral centrum with pair of enlarged cone-like parapophyses; adipose fin present; adipose fin support penetrating the supracarinalis posterior musculature; usually 8 pelvic fin rays; frequently with a lateral row of light organs; deep-sea pelagic and benthopelagic fishes.

Links: Scopelomorpha; Link to NCBI Front Page; Dierentuin.Net Dieren Database LantaarnvissenOrders Summary; Myctophiformes; Myctophiformes 1 ORDER MYCTOPHIFORMES- Blackchins and ...; temp; Lecture 7 -Cretaceous Fossils: Enchodus ferox Page; ATW031227.

checked ATW060106