Triassic Period
Triassic references

The Triassic: References


Anderson, JM & ARI Cruikshank (1978), The Biostratigraphy of the Permian and Triassic, Part 5, a review of the classification and distribution of Permo-Triassic Tetrapods. Paleontol. Afr. 21: 15-44.

Arcucci, Andrea B & Coria, Rodolfo A., 2003. A new Triassic carnivorous dinosaur from Argentina. Ameghiniana 40(2): 217 - 228.
Rhaetian - Zupaysaurus

Bakker, RT (1977), Tetrapod Mass Extinctions - A model of the regulation of speciation rates and immigration by cycles of topographic diversity, in A Hallam [ed.], Patterns of Evolution as illustrated by the Fossil Record.  Elsevier, pp. 439-68.
Norian - Tetrapods

Bakker, RT (?), The Need for Endothermic Archosaurs, in RDK Thomas & EC Olson [eds.], A Cold Look at the Warm Blooded DinosaursAAAS Select. Symp. 28: 366.

Colin Barras, The ichnofossil record across the Triassic/Jurassic Boundary, Palaeontologiacl Association 46th Annual Meeting, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, December 15-18, 2002 (Annual Conference Abstracts)
Rhaetian - The End Triassic Turnover and Bolide Impact

Behrensmeyer, AK, JD Damuth, WA Dimichele & H-D Sues (1992), Terrestrial Ecosystems Through Time : Evolutionary Paleoecology of Terrestrial Plants and Animals. U. Chicago Press, 568 pp.

Benton, MJ (1983), Dinosaur success in the Triassic: a non-competitive ecological model. Quart. Rev. Biol. 58: 29-55.

Benton, M.J, 1986, "The Late Triassic tetrapod Extinction Events"; in The Beginning of the Age of Dinosaurs. Kevin Padian, ed., Cambridge University Press, pp.303-321
Norian - The Dinosaurian Revolution, Norian - Proganochelys, Norian - Aetosaurus, Norian - Plateosaurus

Benton, M.J., 1986b The Late Triassic reptile Teratosaurus- a rauisuchian, not a dinosaur. Palaeontology 29: 293-301
Norian - Teratosaurus and Basutodon

Benton MJ (1990) Origin and interrelationships of Dinosaurs, in DB Weishampel, P Dodson & H Osmólska [eds.], The Dinosauria. U. Calif. Press. Carnian - Herrerasaurus

Benton MJ (1994), Late Triassic to Middle Jurassic extinctions among continental tetrapods: testing the pattern, in Fraser & H-D Sues (eds.) In the Shadow of the Dinosaurs: Early Mesozoic Tetrapods, Cambridge Univ Press, pp.366-397 Norian - the Terrestrial Tetrapod Succession, Rhaetian - Overview, The Apachean LVF.

Benton MJ (2004), Origin and relationships of Dinosauria, in DB Weishampel, P Dodson & H Osmólska (eds.), The Dinosauria [2nd ed.]. U. Calif. Press. pp. 7-20. Middle Triassic.

Benton MJ & PCJ Donoghue (2007), Palaeontological evidence to date the tree of life. Mol. Biol. Evol. 24: 26–53. Middle Triassic.

Benton MJ & DAT Harper (1997), Basic Paleontology. Addison Wesley Longman, 342 pp. Middle Triassic.

Benton, MJ & AD Walker (2002), Erpetosuchus, a crocodile-like basal archosaur from the Late Triassic of Elgin, Scotland. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 136: 25-47.  Alt. Title: DB Norman & DJ Gower [eds.], Archosaurian Anatomy and Palaeontology: Essays in Memory of Alick D. Walker. (all abstracts this issue)) abstract. Carnian - Erpetosuchus

Bonaparte, JF (1970), Annotated List of the South American Triassic Tetrapods, in Second Gondwana Symposium, Proceedings and Papers. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria. 
Carnian - Placerias and Ischigualastia, Carnian - Exaeretodon, Norian - Jachaleria, Rhaetian Terrestrial Communities, Rhaetian - Riojasuchus, Rhaetian - Neoaetosauroides

Bonaparte, JF (1975), Sobre la presencia del laberintodonte Pelocephalus en la Formación Ischigualasto y su significado estratigráfico. Actas I Cong. Argent. Paleont. Estrat. 1. Carnian - Pelorocephalus

Bonaparte, JF (1976), Un nuevo rauisuchidae de la Formación Los Colorados, Fasolasuchus tenax, La Rioja, Argentina. (Archosauria-Thecodontia). Manuscrito, Tucumán.
Rhaetian - Fasolasuchus

Bonaparte, J.F.. 1981. escripción de Fasolasuchus tenax y su significado el la sistemática y evolución de los Thecodontia. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia"l 3: 55-101.
Rhaetian - Fasolasuchus

J.F. Bonaparte, 1982, "Faunal Replacement in the Triassic of South America", Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 2 (3): 362-371, December 1982
Carnian - Tetrapods, Carnian - Exaeretodon, Rhaetian Terrestrial Communities, Rhaetian - Fasolasuchus

Bonaparte, J.F., 1982 b. Classification of the Thecodontia. Geobios Mem. Spec. 6, 99-112.

Brasier, W.D. 1989 "Towards a biostratigraphy of the earliest skeletal biotas", in J.W. Cowie & M.D. Brasier eds. The Precambrian-Cambrian Boundary, Clarendon Press, Oxford,

"Norian Stage" Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service., 2003.
Norian - Overview, Norian - Stratigraphy, Rhaetian - Overview

Buffetaut, E., Suteethorn, V., Cuny, G., Tong, H., Le Loeuff, Jean., Khansubha, S., Jongautchariyakul, S., 2000, The earliest known sauropod dinosaur, Nature 407, 72 - 74 (2000); doi:10.1038/35024060
Tetrapods of the Late Middle Norian, Rhaetian - Isanosaurus

Burmeister et al 2000 Burmeister, K. C., J. J. Flynn, J. M. Parrish, R. L. Whatley, and A. R. Wyss. 2000. Biostratigraphic and biogeographic implications of new middle to Late Triassic fossil vertebrates; Morondava Basin, Madagascar. [PDF file] Abstracts of the 2000 Meeting of the Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, Museum of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff.
Carnian - Tetrapods

Camp, C.L. 1980, Large ichthyosaurs from the Upper Triassic of Nevada. Palaeontographica Ser. A. 170: 139-200
Carnian - Shonisaurus

Carpenter K, (1997), A giant coelophysoid (Ceratosauria) theropod from the Upper Triassic of New Mexico, USA, Neues Jahrb. Geol. Pal., Abh. 205: 189-208. Norian - Gojirasaurus and Liliensternus.

Carroll RL (1988), Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. WH Freeman & Co., 698 pp. Middle Triassic.

Carroll RL & P Gaskill (1985), The nothosaur Pachypleurosaurus and the origin of plesiosaurs. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. 309: 343-393. Middle Triassic.

Caudle N (2000), The Predator in the Stone, Endeavors. Norian Rauisuchians, Norian - Plithogomphodon.

Chatterjee, S. 1978. A primitive parasuchid (phytosaur) reptile from the Upper Triassic Maleri Formation of India. Palaeontology. 21 (1): 83-127.
Carnian - Paleorhinus

Ralph Chapman, 1995 Greenland, Dinosaur Mailing List

Sankar Chaterjee 1986, "Late Triassic Dockum vertebrates: their stratigraphc and paleobiolographic significance"; in The Beginning of the Age of Dinosaurs. Kevin Padian, ed., Cambridge University Press,
Carnian - Adelobasileus and Gondwanadon

Barry Cox, R.J.G. Savage, and Brian Gardiner, Dougal Dixon, 1988 Collins/MacMillan Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals

  Ben Creisler 1996, Phytosauria Translation and Pronunciation Guide, iNet
Rhaetian - Angistorhinopsis

Clark, J. M., Sues, H.-D. & Berman, D. S., 2000: A new specimen of Hesperosuchus agilis from the Upper Triassic of New Mexico and the interrelationships of basal crocodylomorph archosaurs. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology: vol. 20, #4, pp. 683-704
Tetrapods of the Late Norian, Norian - Saltoposuchus

Cuny G, A Hunt, JM Mazin & R Rauscher (2000), Teeth of enigmatic neoselachian sharks and an ornisthischian dinosaur from the uppermost Triassic of Lons-le-Saunier (Jura, France). Paläont. Zeit, 74: 171-185. Rhaetian Marine Biota - Fish, Rhaetian Terrestrial Communities.

Cuny G, O Rieppel & PM Sander (2001), The shark fauna from the Middle Triassic (Anisian) of North-Western Nevada. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 133:285-301. Middle Triassic.

Damiani RJ (2001), A systematic revision and phylogenetic analysis of Triassic mastodonsauroids (Temnospondyli: Stereospondyli). Zool. J. Linn Soc. 133: 379–482. Middle Triassic.

Depuydt P (1998), Re: anyone a Madagascar expert?, Dinosaur mailing list. Carnian - Exaeretodon

Falkowski, PG, ME Katz, AH Knoll, A Quigg, JA Raven, O Schofield & FJR Taylor (2004), The evolution of modern eukaryotic phytoplankton. Science 305: 354-360. Middle Triassic.

Flynn JA, JM Parrish, B Rakotasamimanana, WF Simpson & AR Wyss (1999), A Triassic fauna from Madagascar, including early dinosaurs. Science 286: 763-765. Carnian - Tetrapods.

Tracy L. Ford, 2001, RE: Ghost Ranch fauna, Dinosaur Mailing List.
Tetrapods of the Late Norian

Fraser, N.C. 1986, New Triassic Sphenodontids from South-West England and a review of their classification, Palaeontology, vol.29, part 1, pp.165-186
Carnian - Brachyrhinodon

Fraser, N. C., Padian, K., Walkden, G. M. & Davis, A. L. M. 2002. Basal dinosauriform remains from Britain and the diagnosis of the Dinosauria. Palaeontology 45, 79-95. abstract
Tetrapods of the Late Middle Norian, Rhaetian Terrestrial Communities,

Fraser, N.C. 2004, Assemblages of small tetrapods from British Late Triassic fissure fillings, in Fraser & Sues (eds.) In the Shadow of the Dinosaurs: Early Mesozoic Tetrapods, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Rhaetian - Clevosaurus

Gaffney, E. S., 1986, "Triassic and Jurassic turtles"; in The Beginning of the Age of Dinosaurs. Kevin Padian, ed., Cambridge University Press,
Norian - Proganochelys,

Galton, 2001. Valid species of prosauropod dinosaurs from the Upper Triassic of Germany. JVP 21(3) 52A.
Norian - The Dinosaurian Revolution - A Case Study

Galton, P. M. 2001. Prosauropod dinosaurs from the Upper Triassic of Germany. In Colectivo Arqueologico-Paleontologico de Salas, C.A.S. (Eds.): "Actas de las I Jornadas Internacionales sobre Paleontologia de Dinosaurios y su Entorno (Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Paleontology of Dinosaurs and their Environment)", Burgos (Spain), 25-92.
Norian - The Dinosaurian Revolution - A Case Study

Galton, Peter M., 2002 The prosauropod dinosaur Plateosaurus Meyer, 1837 Saurischia: Sauropodomorpha; Upper Triassic). II. Notes on the referred species. – Revue Paléobiol., 20 (2) (2001): 435-502; Genève.
Norian - The Dinosaurian Revolution - A Case Study

Gastaldo RA (1997) Plant Associations of the Mesophytic. Triassic.

Gibbon E (1776-1788), The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire [1996 Project Guttenberg ed.] 6vv. Middle Triassic.

Godefroit P & B Battail (1997), Late Triassic cynodonts from Saint-Nicolas-de-Port (north-eastern France). Geodiversitas 19: 567-631. abstract. Norian - Pseudotriconodon.

Godefroit P., Cuny G., Delsate D. et Roche M. (1998) - Late Triassic vertebrates from Syren (Luxemburg). N. Jb. Geol. Paläontol., Abhandlungen, 210(3): 305-343.
Rhaetian Terrestrial Communities

F.M. Gradstein, J.G. Ogg, A.G. Smith et al.: Geologic Time Scale 2004. Cambridge University Press (see The 2004 Time Scale - web site
Norian - Stratigraphy and Index Fossils, Rhaetian - Stratigraphy and Index Fossils

Eric Hargrave, 1999, Paleomagnetism of the Chinle Formation at Ghost Ranch , New Mexico: Age constraints for Coelophysis bauri , University of Puget Sound.
Tetrapods of the Late Norian, The Apachean LVF

Harland W.B., et al., "A Geologic Time Scale 1989," Cambridge University Press: Cambridge UK, Revised Edition, 1990.
Carnian - Stratigraphy, Norian - Overview,

Haubold, Hartmut, 1986, "Archosaur footprints at the terrestrial Triassic-Jurassic transition"; in The Beginning of the Age of Dinosaurs. Kevin Padian, ed., Cambridge University Press, pp.189-202
Rhaetian - The Coelophysid Takeover

Jaime A. Headden, 2003 Re: YEAH!!! Sauropodomorph Phylogeny! - Archives of the Dinosaur Mailing List
Norian - The Dinosaurian Revolution - A Case Study

Jaime A. Headden, 2004, RE: Info on some less well known taxa Dinosaur Mailing List Archive
Norian - Shonisaurus

Heckert, A.B. & Lucas, S.G. 2000, Global correlation of the Triassic theropod record. Gaia 15. 63-74.
Carnian - Tetrapods

Heckert, A.B. & Lucas, S.G. 2001, North America's oldest herbivorous dinosaurs, Rocky Mountain (53rd) and South-Central (35th) Sections, GSA, Joint Annual Meeting, Session No. 12, Paleontology, Stratigraphy, and Sedimentology abstract
Carnian - Pisanosaurus

Thomas R. Holtz, 2003RE: oldest sauropod found
Rhaetian - Isanosaurus

Huber P., Lucas S.G. & Hunt A.P., 1996, Carnian-Norian Biochronology, Correlation and Biotic Events of the Nonmarine Triassic of North America
Norian - Aetosaurus

Hungerbühler, A. 2002, The Late Triassic Phytosaur Mystriosuchus Westphali, With A Revision of the Genus. Palaeontology, March 2002, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 377-418(42) abstract / abstract
Tetrapods of the Late Middle Norian, Norian - Mystriosuchus

Hunt, A.P. 1989, Vertebrate biochronology of late Triassic red beds in New Mexico, AAPG Bulletin (American Association of Petroleum Geologists) ; Vol/Issue: 73:9; AAPG Rocky Mountain Section meeting; 1-4 Oct 1989; Albuquerque, NM (USA) abstract
Tetrapods of the Early - Middle Norian

Hunt, Adrian P., 1998 Preliminary Results of the Dawn of the Dinosaurs Project at Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, National Park Paleontological Research, Tech Rept. 3
Norian - Apachesaurus

Hunt, Adrian P. and Lucas, Spencer G. 1992. The first occurrence of the aetosaur Paratypothorax andressi (Reptilia, Aetosauria) in the western United States and its biochronological significance. Palaeontologische Zeitschrift, Band 66, Heft 1/2 . pp. 147-157, 5 fig. abstract
Tetrapods of the Early - Middle Norian

Hunt, A.P., and Lucas, S.G., 1994. Ornithischian dinosaurs from the Upper Triassic of the United States. pp.227-241 in Fraser & Sues (eds.) In the Shadow of the Dinosaurs: Early Mesozoic Tetrapods, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Tetrapods of the Early to Middle Norian

Hunt, A. P., and Santucci, V.L., 1993. The record of Late Triassic dinosaurs at Petrified Forest National Park. Petrified Forest National Park Research Abstracts. in Santucci, V.L., (ed.), National Park Service Technical Report NPS/NRPEFO/NRTR- 93/11: 97, p. 14.
Norian - Apachesaurus

Hunt, A. P., Santucci, V.L., and A. J. Newell Late Triassic vertebrate taphonomy at Petrified Forest National Park, NPS Paleontological Research Vol. 2
Tetrapods of the Early to Middle Norian

Hunt, A P., Lucas, S.G. Huber, P., and Lockley, M. G., Faunal evolution in Late Triassic, nonmarine tetrapods (abstract)
Late Triassic - Biotas, Carnian - Tetrapods, Norian - Tetrapods

Kathleen Hunt, 1994-1997, Transitional Vertebrate Fossils FAQ (Talk-Origins Archives)
Carnian - Exaeretodon

Randall Irmis, 2001, RE: Ghost Ranch fauna, Dinosaur Mailing List. a list of fauna from the Rock Point from "Late Triassic Tetrapods from the Southwest Unitied States" by Long and Murray, 1995 (NMMNH Bulletin 4).
Tetrapods of the Late Norian

Ian Jenkins, 2000, "Gorgonopsid ecomorph niche-filling after the P-Tr extinction by 'aeluromorph' moschorhinid therocephalians: a finite element approach." PalAss Annual Conference Abstracts 2000, University of Edinburgh, 17-20 December 1999

Farish A. Jenkins, Jr., Neil H. Shubin, William W. Amaral, Stephen M. Gatesy, Charles R. Schaff, Lars B. Clemmensen, William R. Downs, Amy R. Davidson, Niels Bonde and Frank Osbæck Late Triassic continental vertebrates and depositional environments of the Fleming Fjord Formation, Jameson Land, East Greenland. MoG Geoscience, vol. 32 1995, synopsis
Norian - Middle Norian Tetrapods

Paul A. Johnston, Christopher J. Collom, Elizabeth L. Nicholls, Makoto Manabe, 2000, A "whale bone-like" chemosymbiotic bivalve community associated with carcasses of giant ichthyosaurs, Pardonet Formation (Upper Triassic), British Columbia, Canada PDF document
Norian - Shonisaurus

Joyce WG & JA Gauthier (2004), Palaeoecology of Triassic stem turtles sheds new light on turtle origins. Proceedings: Biological Sciences; Volume 271: abstract. Norian - Proganochelys, Rhaetian - Palaeochersis.

Katz ME, ZV Finkel, D Grzebyk, AH Knoll & PG Falkowski (2004), Evolutionary trajectories and biogeochemical impacts of marine phytoplankton. An. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 35: 523-556. Middle Triassic.

King GM & MA Cluver (1991), The aquatic Lystrosaurus: An alternative lifestyle. Hist. Biol. 4: 232-341. Induan, Carnian - Placerias and Ischigualastia.

Kitching, J.W. & Raath, M.A. (1984). Fossils from the Elliot and Clarens Formations (Karoo Sequence) of the Northeastern Cape, Orange Free State and Lesotho, and a Suggested Biozonation Based on Tetrapods. Palaeont. afr. 25: 111-125.
Norian - Teratosaurus and Basutodon

H. W. Kozur, "Some aspects of the Permian-Triassic boundary (PTB) and of the possible causes for the biotic crisis around this boundary", in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeocology 143, 1998, pp.227-72

Kozur, H.W. 2003, Micropaleontological definition of the Norian-Rhaetian boundary, Abstract - PDF, from Extinction Events, Faunal Turnovers and Natural Boundaries Within and Around The Late Triassic - Mirror
Norian Stratigraphy, Rhaetian - Overview, Rhaetian - Stratigraphy and Index Fossils

B. Krebs, 1976, Pseudosuchia, in O. Kuhn, Ed. Handbuch der Palaeoherpetologie Teil 13: Thecondontia, Gustav Fisher-Verlag, Stuttgart

Oskar Kuhn, 1969 Handbuch der Palaeoherpetologie, Teil 9: Proganosauria, Bolosauria, Placodontia, Araeoscelidia, Trilophosauria, Weigeltisauria, Millerosauria, Rhynchocephalia, Protorosauria, Gustav Fisher-Verlag, Stuttgart
Carnian - Leptopleuron, Carnian - Henodus, Carnian - Brachyrhinodon

Krystyn L (2003), Upper Triassic substage boundaries and their ammonoid record: divided between gradation, faunal turnover and extinction Extinction Events, Faunal Turnovers and Natural Boundaries Within and Around The Late Triassic absrtact). Norian - Overview, Norian - Reefs, Norian - Ammonoids.

Labandeira CC (1998), Early history of archropod and vascular plant associations. Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 26: 329-377. Middle Triassic.

Langer MC, M Boniface, G Cuny & L Barbieri (2000), The phylogenetic position of Isalorhynchus genovefae, a Late Triassic rhynchosaur from Madagascar. Ann. Paléont. 86: 101-127. Carnian - Tetrapods; Carnian - Hyperodapedon.

Luciano A. Leal, Sergio A.K. Azevedo, Alexander W.A. Kellner and Átila A. S. Da Rosa. 2004., A new early dinosaur (Sauropodomorpha) from the Caturrita Formation (Late Triassic), Paraná Basin, Brazil. Zootaxa 690: 1-24.
Tetrapods of the Early Norian (Lacian Age), Norian - Jachaleria

Lockley, M., and Hunt, A. (1996). Dinosaur Tracks and Other Fossil Footprints of the Western United States.
Rhaetian - The Coelophysid Takeover.

Looy CV, WA Brugman, DL Dilcher & H Visscher (1999), The delayed resurgence of equatorial forests after the Permian-Triassic ecologic crisis. Proc. Nat'l. Acad. Sci. 96: 13857-13862. Olenekian.

Lucas SG (1998), Global Triassic tetrapod biostratigraphy and biochronology. Palaeogeog. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol. 143: 347-384. Carnian, Induan, Late Triassic, Middle Triassic, Norian Rhaetian, Triassic.

Spencer G. Lucas, 1999,  A Tetrapod-based Triassic Timescale, Albertiana 22, February 1999.
Late Triassic - Biotas, Induan, Carnian - Tetrapods, Norian Tetrapod Index Fossils - The Revueltian LVF, Triassic,

Spencer G Lucas, 2001, Age and Correlation of Triassic Tetrapod Assemblages from Brazil, Albertania 26 p.17
Norian - Jachaleria

Lucas S.G. & Hancox P.J., 2000, Tetrapod-based correlation of the nonmarine Upper Triassic of Southern Africa. Albertiana 25, pp.5-9. [pdf]
Norian - Jachaleria

Lucas S.G. & Heckert A.B., 2002, The Hyperodapedon Biochron, Late Triassic of Pangea. Albertina 27
Carnian - Tetrapods; Carnian - Hyperodapedon

Lucas, S G., and Hunt, A P. 1994, The chronology and paleobiogeography of Mammalian Origins, pp.335-351 in Fraser & Sues (eds.) In the Shadow of the Dinosaurs: Early Mesozoic Tetrapods, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Norian - the Terrestrial Tetrapod Succession

Lucas, S G., Hunt, A P., Huber, P, 1996, Late Triassic tetrapod biochronology of Pangaea, Triassic Jurassic Working Group - Abstract
Norian - Aetosaurus

Spencer G. Lucas and Robert M. Sullivan, 1996, Fossils provide a Pennsylvania standard for part of Late Triassic time , Pennsylvania Geology, Vol. 27, no. 4, Winter 1996 pp. 7-13 (or pp.10-16)

Luo Z-X, Z Kielan-Jaworowska, & RL Cifelli (2002), In quest for a phylogeny of Mesozoic mammals. Acta Pal Pol. 47: 1-78. Carnian - Dromatherium.

Maisey, JG (1984), Higher elasmobranch phylogeny and biostratigraphy. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 82: 33-54. Middle Triassic.

McGowan C, Never Mind the Dinosaurs - Other Mesozoic Life - plants Triassic.

Maisch, M. W. & Matzke, A. T. 2000. The ichthyosauria. Stuttgarter Beitraege zur Naturkunde. Serie B. Geologie und Palaeontologie. [print] 2000; (298): 1-159. abstract here
Norian - Ichthyosaurs, Norian - Himalayasaurus, Norian - Callawayia

Claudia A. Marsicano, 1996 Otuminisaurus limensis rusconi, 1948: a problematic Temnospondyl amphibian from the Triassic of Argentina, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 1996, 16(4): 785-786 [abstract]
Carnian - Pelorocephalus

Milner, A.R. 1994, Late Triassic and Jurassic amphibians: fossil record and phylogeny, pp.5-22 in Fraser & Sues (eds.) In the Shadow of the Dinosaurs: Early Mesozoic Tetrapods, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Norian - Apachesaurus

Modesto S.P. ; Damiani R.J. ; Sues H. , 2002, A reappraisal of Coletta seca, a basal procolophonoid reptile from the Lower Triassic of South Africa, Palaeontology, September 2002, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 883-895(13) abstract
Norian - Libognathus

Mickey Mortimer, 2000 Details on Isanosaurus attavipachi - Dinosaur mailing list archives
Rhaetian - Isanosaurus

Mickey Mortimer, 2003 Re: YEAH!!! Sauropodomorph Phylogeny! - Archives of the Dinosaur Mailing List
Norian - Euskelosaurus

Ryosuke Motani, Makoto Manabe, and Zhi-Ming Dong, 1999, The status of Himalayasaurus tibetensis (Ichthyopterygia) [pdf], Paludicola2(2):174-181 June 1999
Carnian - Shonisaurus, Norian - Himalayasaurus

Murry, P.A. 1986. Vertebrate paleontology of the Dockum group, western Texas and eastern New Mexico. In The Beginning of the Age of Dinosaurs. Faunal Change across the Triassic-Jurassic Boundary (K. Padian, Ed.), pp. 109-137. Cambridge Univ. press, Cambridge, UK.

Darren Naish, 2000, Placodonts: the bizarre 'walrus-turtles' of the Triassic - Oceans of Kansas Website
Carnian - Henodus, Rhaetian - Psephoderma

Darren Naish, 2001 Mandasuchus, Callawayia, Thyreophoran, Dinolist Archives
Norian - Callawayia

Elizabeth L. Nicholls (speaker) 2003, Triassic Icthyosaurs from British Columbia - the west coast of Pangea, abstract
Norian - Ichthyosaurs, Norian - Shonisaurus

Nicholls, E. L. & Manabe, M. 2001. A new genus of ichthyosaur from the Late Triassic Pardonet Formation of British Columbia: bridging the Triassic-Jurassic gap. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 38, 983-1002. abstract
Norian - Ichthyosaurs, Norian - Himalayasaurus, Norian - Shonisaurus, Norian - Callawayia

Elizabeth L. Nicholls, and Manabe, Makoto, 2004, Giant ichthyosaurs of the Triassic - a new species of Shonisaurus from the Pardonet Formation (Norian: Late Triassic) of British Columbia, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24(4):838-849 abstract
Norian - Shonisaurus,

Novikov, Igor V. & Sennikov Andrey G. :- The Tikhvinskoye continental Early Triassic locality: geological setting, fauna and flora - a short but informative on-line essay

Paul E. Olsen, Hans-Dieter Sues, and Mark A. Norell, First record of Erpetosuchus (Reptilia: Archosauria) from the Late Triassic of North America, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2000, 20(4):633-636
Carnian - Erpetosuchus

Olsen, P. E. and Huber, P., 1998, The oldest Late Triassic footprint assemblage from North America (Pekin Formation, Deep River basin, North Carolina, USA). Southestern Geology, v. 38, no. 2, pp. 77-90.
Norian - Tetrapods

P. E. Olsen, D. V. Kent, H.-D. Sues, C. Koeberl, H. Huber, A. Montanari, E. C. Rainforth, S. J. Fowell, M. J. Szajna, B. W. Hartline, 2002 Ascent of Dinosaurs Linked to an Iridium Anomaly at the Triassic-Jurassic Boundary, Science vol 296 17 May 2002 - PDF document - also supplemental material
Norian - Tetrapods, Norian - Gojirasaurus and Liliensternus, Rhaetian

Olsen, P. E., Schneider, V., Sues, H.-D., Peyer, K, M., and Carter, J. G., 2001, Biotic provinciality of the Late Triassic equatorial humid zone. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 33, no. 2, p. A-27. (abstract)
Carnian - Leptopleuron, Norian - Overview, Norian - Tetrapods, Libognathus, Norian - Jachaleria

Paul GS (1988), The Predatory Dinosaurs of the World, Simon & Schuster. Carnian - Saltopus; Carnian - Herrerasaurus

Peyer K, JG Carter, H-D Sues, & PE Olsen (2001), An articulated poposaurid rauisuchian from the Triassic Deep River Basin, North Carolina. Geol. Soc. Am., Abstr. with Prog. 33: A-27.

Payne JL (2005), Evolutionary dynamics of gastropod size across the end-Permian extinction and through the Triassic recovery interval. Paleobiology 31: 269-290. Middle Triassic.

Price-Lloyd N & RJ Twitchett (2002), The Lilliput Effect in the aftermath of the end-Permian extinction event. Pal. Assoc 46th An. Mtg.: Cambridge, Dec 15-18, 2002 Abstr.). Early Triassic, Rhaetian - The End Triassic Turnover and Bolide Impact.

Rauhut, O.M.W. & A. Hungerbuhler, 1998, A review of European Triassic theropods. Gaia 15. 75-88 pdf
Norian - The Dinosaurian Revolution - A Case Study, Norian - Aetosaurus, Norian - Gojirasaurus and Liliensternus

Silvio Renesto, 2001, Re: "Hypuronector limnaios" Dinosaur Archives
Norian - Megalancosaurus

Retallack, G. J., and Hammer, W.R. 1996, Paleoenvironment of the Triassic therapsid Lystrosaurus in the central Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica. Marine and terrestrial geology and geophysics, Antarctic Journal of the United States Review

Rieppel, O. and Zanon, R. T. 1997. The interrelationships of Placodontia. Historical Biology 12: 211-227.
Carnian - Henodus

Rozdestvenski AK (1965), Growth changes in Asian dinosaurs and some problems of their taxonomy, Paleont. Zh. 1965: 95-109 (in Russian).Norian - Tetrapods.

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Sander PM (1989), The pachypleurosaurids Reptilia: Nothosauria) from the Middle Triassic of Monte San Giorgio Switzerland) with the description of a new species. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 325: 561-666. Middle Triassic.

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Sereno PC (1991), Basal archosaurs: phylogenetic relationships and functional implications. Soc. Vert. Paleont. Mem. 2: 1-53. Middle Triassic.

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Bryan J. Small, 2002, Cranial anatomy of Desmatosuchus haplocerus (Reptilia: Archosauria: Stagonolepididae), Archosaurian anatomy and palaeontology. Essays in memory of Alick Walker, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, Volume 136 Issue 1 September 2002 doi:10.1046/j.1096-3642.2002.00028.x abstract
Early Norian Tetrapods

Stanley, George D. 2001 Changes among reef ecosystems during the early Mesozoic, NAPC Abstracts June 26 - July 1 2001 Berkeley, California
Norian - Reefs

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Stanley GD (2003a), The evolution of modern corals and their early history. Earth-Sci. Rev. 60: 195-225. Middle Triassic.

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Steyer JS (2002), The first articulated trematosaur 'amphibian' from the Lower Triassic of Madagascar: implication for the phylogeny of the group. Palaeontology 45 4: 771-793. Induan, Middle Triassic.

Storrs GW & DJ Gower (1993), The earliest possible choristodere (Diapsida) and gaps in the fossil record of semi-aquatic reptiles, J Geol. Soc., 150: 1103-1107(5) abstract Rhaetian - Pachystropheus.

Sues, Hans-Dieter, 2001. On Microconodon, a Late Triassic cynodont from the Newark Supergroup of Eastern North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 10 October, 2001; 156 (1): 37-48.
Carnian - Dromatherium

Hans-Dieter Sues, Paul E. Olsen, and J. G. Carter, 1999, A Late Triassic Traversodont Cynodont from the Newark Supergroup of North Carolina, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 19(2):351-354 abstract
Norian - Plinthogomphodon

Sues, H.-D., Olsen, P. E., Scott, D. M. & Spencer, P. K., 2000: Cranial osteology of Hypsognathus fenneri, a Latest Triassic procolophonid reptile from the Newark Supergroup of Eastern North America. --Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology: Vol. 20, no.2, pp. 275-284
Carnian - Leptopleuron

Sues, P. E., Olsen, P. E., Carter, J. G., and Peyer, K., 2001, A remarkable Triassic tetrapod assemblage from the Deep River basin of North Carolina. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 33, no. 2, A.-27. (abstract)
Norian - Dicynodonts, Norian - Plinthogomphodon

Sues, H.-D., Olsen, P. E., Carter, J.G, and Scott, D. M. 2003 A new crocodylomorph archosaur from the Upper Triassic of North Carolina. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology: Vol. 23, no.2, pp. 329-343 abstract
Norian - Saltoposuchus

Robert M. Sullivan and Spencer G. Lucas, 1999, Eucoelophysis baldwini, a new theropod dinosaur from the Upper Triassic of New Mexico, and the status of the original types of Coelophysis Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 1999, 19(1):81-90 abstract
Tetrapods of the Late Norian

Suzuki N, N Akiba & H Kanoh (2002), Late Olenekian radiolarians from bedded chert of Ashio Terrane, Northeast Japan, and faunal turnovers in Western Panthalassia during Early Triassic. J. China Univ. Geosci. 13: 124-140. Olenekian.

Curt Teichert 1988, "Main Features of Cehalopod Evolution", in The Mollusca vol.12, Paleontology and Neontology of Cephalopods, ed. by M.R. Clarke & E.R. Trueman, Academic Press, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich,
Late Triassic - Biotas, Norian - Overview,

Therrien, F., and Fastovsky, D.E., 2000 Paleoenvironments of Early Theropods, Chinle Formation (Late Triassic) Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, pdf document. PALAIOS Volume 15.3 , pp.194-211
Tetrapods of the Early Norian

Trümpy R (1961), Triassic of East Greenland, in GO Raasch (ed.), Geology of the Arctic. Univ. Toronto Press. pp. 248-254. Induan.

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Norian - Peteinosaurus, Eudimorphodon, and Preondactylus

Welman, J, 1998, The taxonomy of the South African Proterosuchids (Reptilia, Archosauromorpha) Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 18(2):340-347 abstract

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Carnian - Brachyrhinodon

Yates, A.M. (2003) A new species of the primitive dinosaur Thecodontosaurus (Saurischia: Sauropodomorpha) and its implications for the systematics of early dinosaurs. JSP 1: 1-42.
Norian - Thecondontosaurus

 J.M. Zawiskie, 1986 "Terrestrial vertebrate faunal succession during the Triassic", in Kevin Padian ed., The Beginning of the Age of Dinosaurs - faunal changes across the Triassic-Jurassic boundary, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Zeigler, Kate E., Lucas, S. G., Heckert, A. B., and Hunt, A. P. 2001, The Phytosaur Nicrosaurus buceros in the Upper Triassic of the Chama Basin, North-Central New Mexico, abstract
Tetrapods of the Late Middle Norian,

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Carnian - Shonisaurus

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