Paleozoic Era References

Cambrian: References

Arthur, W (1997), The Origins of Animal Bodyplans. Cambridge Univ. Press, London.

Ayala, Francisco J, A Rzhetsky & FJ Ayala (1998), Origins of the Metazoan Phyla: Molecular Clocks Confirm Paleontological Estimates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 95: 606-611.

Benchley, PJ & DAT Harper (1998), Palaeoecology: Ecosystems, Environments and Evolution. Chapman & Hall.

Bengtson, S (1992), The cap-shaped Cambrian fossil Maikhanella and the relationship between coeloscleritophorans and molluscs. Lethaia 25: 401-420.

Bengtson, S & Y Zhao (1997), Fossilized metazoan embryos from the earliest Cambrian. Science 277: 1645-1648.

Bowring, SA, JP Grotzinger, CE Isachsen, AH Knoll, SM Pelechaty & P Kolosov (1993) Calibrating rates of Early Cambrian evolution. Science 261: 1293-1298.

Bromham, L, A Rambaut, R Fortey, A Cooper, & D Penny (1998) Testing the Cambrian explosion hypothesis by using a molecular dating technique. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA) 95: 12386-12389.

Chen, J-Y, D-Y Huang & C-W Li (1999), An early Cambrian craniate-like chordate. Nature 402: 518-522.

Conway Morris, S (1997), the cuticular structure of the 495-myr-old type species of the fossil worm, Palaeoscolex, P. piscatorum (?Priapulida)Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 119: 69-82.

Conway Morris, S (1998), The Crucible of Creation. Oxford Univ. Press.

Conway Morris, S & JS Peel (1995), Articulated halkieriids from the Lower Cambrian of North Greenland and their role in early protostome evolution. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. (Lond.), Ser. B Biol. Sci. 347: 305-358.

Darwin, C (1860) On the Origin of Species. [2nd ed., reprint (1947)] Oxford Univ. Press.

Dornbos, SQ, DJ Bottjer & J-Y Chen (2005), Paleoecology of benthic metazoans in the Early Cambrian Maotianshan Shale biota and the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale biota: evidence for the Cambrian substrate revolution. Palaeogeog. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol. 220: 47– 67.

Fedonkin, MA & BM Waggoner (1997), The Late Precambrian fossil Kimberella is a mollusc-like bilaterian organism. Nature 388: 868-871.

Gould, SJ (1989), Wonderful Life. Penguin, 347 pp.

Gubanov, AP & JS Peel (2003), The Early Cambrian helcionelloid mollusc Anabarella Vostokova. Palaeontology 46: 1073-1087.

Haas, W (1981), Evolution of calcareous hardparts in primitive molluscs. Malacologia, 21: 403-418.

Harland, WB, R Armstrong, A Cox, C Lorraine, A Smith & D Smith (1990), A Geologic Time Scale 1989. Cambridge Univ Press.

Hou, XG, RJ Aldridge, DJ Siveter, DJ Siveter & X-H Feng (2002), New evidence on the anatomy and phylogeny of the earliest vertebrates. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 269: 1865–1869.

Jacobs DK, CG Wray, CJ Wedeen, R Kostriken, R DeSalle, JL Staton, RD Gates & DR Lindberg (2000), Molluscan engrailed expression, serial organization, and shell evolution.  Evol. Devel. 2: 340-347. 

Jago, JB, X Sun & W-L Zang (2002), Correlation within Early Palaeozoic basins of eastern South Australia.

Kirschvink, JL, RL Ripperdan & DA Evans (1997), Evidence for a large-scale reorganization of Early Cambrian continental masses by inertial interchange true polar wander. Science 277: 541-545. Atdabanian.

Knoll, AH (1996), Archean and Proterozoic paleontology in J Jansonius & DC McGregor [eds.] Paleontology: Principles and Applications. Amer. Assoc. Strat. Palynol. Found. 1: 51-80.

Knoll, AH (2000), Learning to tell Neoproterozoic time. Precamb. Res. 100: 3-20.

Knoll, AH & SB Carroll (1999) Early animal evolution: emerging views from comparative biology and geology.  Science 284: 2129 - 2137.

Martin, MW, DV Grazhdankin, SA Bowring, DAD Evans, MA Fedonkin & JL Kirschvink (2000), Age of Neoproterozoic bilaterian body and trace fossils, White Sea, Russia: implications for metazoan evolution.  Science 288: 841-845.

Runnegar, B (1992), Evolution of the earliest animals in JW Schopf (ed.), Major Events in the History of Life. Jones and Bartlett.

Seilacher, A, PK Bose, & F Pflüger (1998), Triploblastic animals more than 1 billion years ago: trace fossil evidence from IndiaScience 282: 80-83.

Stanley, SM (1993), Exploring Earth and Life through Time, WH Freeman & Co.

Teichert, C (1988), Main features of cephalopod evolution, in MR Clarke & ER Trueman [eds.], The Mollusca 12: Paleontology and Neontology of Cephalopods. Academic Press.

Shu, D-G & S Conway Morris (2003), Response to Comment on “A New Species of Yunnanozoan with Implications for Deuterostome Evolution”. Science 300: 1372d.

Shu, D-G, H-L Luo, S Conway Morris, X-L Zhang, S-X Hu, L Chen, J Han, M Zhu, Y Li & L-Z Chen (1999), Lower Cambrian vertebrates from South China. Nature 402: 42-46.

Shu, D-G, S Conway Morris, J Han, Z-F Zhang, K Yasui, P Janvier, L Chen, X-L Zhang, J-N Liu, Y Li & H-Q Liu (2002), Head and backbone of the Early Cambrian vertebrate Haikouichthys. Nature 421: 526-529.

Thomas, RDK, RM Shearman, & GW Stewart (2000), Evolutionary exploitation of design options by the first animals with hard skeletonsScience 288: 1239-1241.

Valentine, JW (1995), Late Precambrian bilaterians: grades and clades in WM Fitch & FJ Ayala [eds.], Tempo and Mode in Evolution: Genetics and Paleontology 50 Years After Simpson. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), pp. 87-107.

Valentine, JW, D Jablonski, & DH Erwin (1999) Fossils, molecules and embryos: new perspectives on the Cambrian explosion. Development 126: 851-859.

Wood, RA (1998), Reef Evolution. Oxford Univ. Press.

Wray, GA, JS Levinton, & LH Shapiro (1996), Molecular evidence for deep Precambrian divergences among metazoan phylaScience 274: 568-573.

Xiao, S-H, Y Zhang, & AH Knoll (1998), Three-dimensional preservation of algae and animal embryos in a Neoproterozoic phosphoriteNature 391: 553-558.

Zhang, Z-F, D-G Shu, J Han & J-N Liu (2004), New data on the lophophore anatomy of Early Cambrian linguloids from the Chengjiang Lagerstätte, Southwest China. Carn. Géol.  Let. CG2004_L04). Atdabanian.

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