Plants References A-Z

References A-Z



NeckeropsisAlejandro AM (2004), A Heterochronic Sequence For The Development Of Paraphyses In Neckeropsis Schimp. Bryophyta: Neckeraceae). Unpub. M.S. thesis, Univ. Puerto Rico.   

Arnold CA (1947), An Introduction to Paleobotany [replica of McGraw Hill 1st ed.]. Miller Press, 2008. (We have our doubts about the bona fides of this edition, which arrived from the vendor without copyright page of any kind. However, the text is undoubtedly uncorrupted  -- and who are we to complain?)


Bateman RM & WA DiMichele (2003), Genesis of phenotypic and genotypic diversity in land plants: the present as the key to the past. Syst. Biodivers. 1: 13-28.

Bateman RM, PR Crane, WA DiMichele, PR Kenrick, NP Rowe, T Speck, & WE Stein (1998), Early evolution of land plants: phylogeny, physiology, and ecology of the primary terrestrial radiation. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 29: 263–92.

Beerling et al. (2001) graphBeerling DJ, CP Osborne & WG Chaloner (2001), Evolution of leaf-form in land plants linked to atmospheric CO2 decline in the Late Paleozoic. Nature 410: 352-354.

Benton MJ & DAT Harper (1997), Basic Paleontology. Longman.

Bernards MA (2002), Demystifying suberin. Can. J. Bot. 80: 227-240.

Bodzioch A, W Kozłowski, & A Popławska (2003), A Cooksonia-type flora from the Upper Silurian of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Acta Pal. Pol. 48: 653-656.

Boyce CK (2008), How green was Cooksonia? The importance of size in understanding the early evolution of physiology in the vascular plant lineage. Paleobiology 34: 179–194.


Carlquist, S & EL Schneider (2002), The tracheid–vessel element transition in angiosperms involves multiple independent features: cladistic consequences. Amer. J. Bot.  89: 185-195.

Cantino PD, JA Doyle, SW Graham, WS Judd, RG Olmstead, DE Soltis, PS Soltis & MJ Donoghue (2007), Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56: E1–E44.

Chang et al. (2005)Chang C, Y-C Chen & H-F Yen (2005), Protocorm or rhizome? The morphology of seed germination in Cymbidium dayanum Reichb. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 46: 71-74.

Crane, PR, P Herendeen, & EM Friis (2004), Fossils and plant phylogeny. Am. J. Bot. 91: 1683-1699.


DiMichele WA & RA Gastaldo (2008), Plant paleoecology in deep time. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 95: 144-198.

Donoghue MJ (2005), Key innovations, convergence, and success: macroevolutionary lessons from plant phylogeny. Paleobiology 31: 77-93.

DuBuisson J-Y, P Racheboeuf & P Janvier (2005), Du Silurien au Dévonien: les sorties des eaux, in P Janvier (ed.), Evolution: de l'origine de la vie aux origines de l'homme. CNRS (Paris).

Duff, RJ & DL Nickrent (1999), Phylogenetic relationships of land plants using mitochondrial small-subunit rDNA sequences. Am. J. Bot. 86: 372-386. 

Dunn, MT, GW Rothwell & G Mapes (2002), Additional observations on Rhynchosperma quinnii (Medullosaceae): a permineralized ovule from the Chesterian (Upper Mississippian) Fayetteville Formation of Arkansas. Am. J. Bot. 89: 1799-1808.


Edwards & Wellman (2001)Edwards D & C Wellman (2001), Embryophytes on land: The Ordovician to Lochkovian (Lower Devonian) record. In PG Gensel & D Edwards (eds.), Plants Invade the Land: Evolutionary and Environmental Perspectives. Columbia Univ. Press, pp. 3-28.


Friedman, WE & ME Cook (2000), The origin and early evolution of tracheids in vascular plants: Integration of palaeobotanical and neobotanical data. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 355: 857-868.

Friedman, WE, RC Moore & MD Puruggnan (2004), The evolution of plant development. Amer. J. Bot. 91: 1726–1741. . 


耿宝印 [Geng B-Y] (1986), 贵州中志留世羽枝属(新属)的形态和解剖 [Anatomy and morphology of Pinnatiramosus, a new plant from the Middle Silurian (Wenlockian) of China]. Acta Bot. Sin. 28: 664-670.

Gerienne et al. (2006)Gerrienne P, DL Dilcher, S Bergamaschi, I Milagres, E Pereira & MAC Rodrigues (2006), An exceptional specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis, and a hypothesis on the life cycle of the earliest eutracheophytes. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 142: 123-130.


Huber H & MJ Hutchings (1997), Differential response to shading in orthotropic and plagiotropic shoots of the clonal herb Glechoma hirsuta. Oecologia 112: 485-491.

Hyvönen, J, S Koskinen, GL Smith Merrill, TA Hedderson, & S Stenroos (2003), Phylogeny of the Polytrichales Bryophyta) based on simultaneous analysis of molecular and morphological dataMol. Phylo. & Evol. 31: 915-928.


Javaux, EJ, AH Knoll & MR Walter (2004), Eukaryotic diversity in mid-Proterozoic oceans: TEM evidence for eukaryotic diversity in mid-Proterozoic oceans. Geobiology 2: 121-132.


Karol, KG, RM McCourt, MT Cimino & CF Delwiche (2001), The closest living relatives of land plants. Science 294: 2351-2353.

Kenrick, P & PR Crane (1997), The Origin and Early Diversification of Land Plants: a Cladistic Study. Smithsonian Inst. Press, 441 pp.

Kenrick, P & PR Crane (1997a), The origin and early evolution of plants on land. Nature 389: 33-39.

Kiefer IW & AJ Slusarenko (2003), The pattern of systemic acquired resistance induction within the Arabidopsis rosette in relation to the pattern of translocation. Plant Physiol., 132: 840-847.

Knauth & Kennedy (2009)Knauth LP & MJ Kennedy (2009), The late Precambrian greening of the Earth. Nature (on-line advance publ.)

Kotyk, ME, JF Basinger, PG Gensel, & TA de Freitas (2002), Morphologically complex plant macrofossils from the Late Silurian of arctic Canada. Am. J. Bot. 89: 1004-1013.

Kubo M, M Udagawa, N Nishikubo, G Horiguchi, M Yamaguchi, J Ito, T Mimura, H Fukuda & T Demura(2005), Transcription switches for protoxylem and metaxylem vessel formation. Genes Dev. 19: 1855-1860.


Labandeira CC & EG Allen (2007), Minimal insect herbivory for the Lower Permian Coprolite Bone Bed site of north-central Texas, USA, and comparison to other Late Paleozoic floras. Palaeogeog. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol. 247: 197-219.

Ligrone, R, JG Duckett & KS Renzaglia (2000), Conducting tissues and phyletic relationships of bryophytes. Phil.Trans.R. Soc. Lond. B 355: 795-813.


Magallón S & MJ Sanderson (2002), Relationships among seed plants inferred from highly conserved genes: sorting conflicting phylogenetic signals among ancient lineages. Am. J. Bot. 89: 1991–2006.

Meloche CG & PK Diggle (2001), Preformation, architectural complexity, and developmental flexibility in Acomastylis rosii (Rosaceae). Am. J. Bot. 88: 980-991.

Meyer-Berthaud B, SE Scheckler & J-L Bousquet (2000), The development of Archaeopteris: new evolutionary characters from the structural analysis of an Early Famennian trunk from southeast Morocco. Am. J. Bot. 87: 456-468.

Micol, JL & S Hake (2003), The development of plant leaves. Plant Physiol. 131: 389-394.


Newton AE, CJ Cox, JG Duckett, JA Wheeler, B Goffinet, TAJ Hedderson, & BD Mishler (2000), Evolution of the Major Moss Lineages: Phylogenetic Analyses Based on Multiple Gene Sequences and Morphology. The Bryologist 103: 187–211.

Nickrent DL, CL Parkinson, JD Palmer, & RJ Duff (2000), Multigene phylogeny of land plants with special reference to bryophytes and the earliest land plants. Mol. Biol. Evol. 17: 1885–1895.

Niklas KJ (2004), Computer models of early land plant evolution. Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 32: 47-66.  


Osborne CP, DJ Beerling, BH Lomax & WG Chaloner (2004), Biophysical constraints on the origin of leaves inferred from the fossil record. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 101: 10360–10362.


Palmer JD, DE Soltis & MW Chase (2004), The plant tree of life: an overview and some points of view. Am. J. Bot. 91: 1437-1445.

Pryer, KM, H Schneider, AR Smith, R Cranfill, PG Wolf, JS Hunt & SD Sipes (2001), Horsetails and ferns are a monophyletic group and the closest living relatives to seed plants. Nature 409: 618-622.


Qiu Y-L, L-B Li, B Wang, Z-D Chen, V Knoop, M Groth-Malonek, O Dombrovska, J-H Lee, L Kent, J Rest, GF Estabrook, TA Hendry, DW Taylor, CM Testa, M Ambros, B Crandall-Stotlerg, RJ Duff, M Stech, W Frey, D Quandt & CC Davis (2006), The deepest divergences in land plants inferred from phylogenomic evidence. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 103: 15511–15516


Raven, JA (2002), Tansley Review No. 131: Selection pressures on stomatal evolution. New Phytologist 153: 371-386. 

Raven JA & D Edwards (2001), Roots: evolutionary origins and biogeochemical significance. J. Exp. Bot. 52: 381-401.

Remy W, TN Taylor, H Hass & H Kerp (1994), Four hundred-million-year-old vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 19: 11841-11845.

Renzaglia, KS, RJ Duff, DL Nickrent & DJ Garbary (2000), Vegetative and reproductive innovations of early land plants: Implications for a unified phylogeny. Phil.Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 355: 769-793.

Takakia ceratophyllaRenzaglia, KS, KD McFarland & DK Smith 1997), Anatomy and ultrastructure of the sporophyte of Takakia ceratophylla (Bryophyta). Amer. J. Bot. 84: 1337-1350. [Image from the Kunming Institute of Botany]

Rothwell GW & S Lev-Yadun (2005), Evidence for polar auxin flow in 375 million-year-old fossil wood. Am. J. Bot. 92: 903-906.


Sakakibara, K, T Nishiyama, N Sumikawa, R Kofuji, T Murata & M Hasebe (2003), Involvement of auxin and a homeodomain-leucine zipper I gene in rhizoid development of the moss Physcomitrella patens. Development 130: 4835-4846. 

Schneider H (2006), Plant morphology as the cornerstone to the integration of fossils and extant taxa in phylogenetic analyses. Species Phylog. Evol. 1: 65-71.

Scott AC & IJ Glasspool (2006), The diversification of Paleozoic fire systems and fluctuations in atmospheric oxygen concentration. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 103: 10861-10865.

Shaw et al. (2003)Shaw, AJ, CJ Cox & SB Boles (2003), Polarity of peatmoss (Sphagnum) evolution: who says bryophytes have no roots?  Am. J. Bot. 90: 1777-1787.

Shaw, J & KS Renzaglia (2004), Phylogeny and diversification of bryophytes. Am. J. Bot. 91: 1557-1581.

Shear WA & PA Selden (2001), Rustling in the undergrowth: Animals in early terrestrial ecosystems, in PG Gensel & D Edwards (eds.), Plants invade the land: Evolutionary and environmental perspectives. Columbia Univ. Press, pp. 29–51.

Soltis PS, DE Soltis, V Savolainen, PR Crane & TG Barraclough (2002), Rate heterogeneity among lineages of tracheophytes: Integration of molecular and fossil data and evidence for molecular living fossils. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 99: 4430-4435.

Sperry JS (2003), Evolution of water transport and xylem structure. Int. J. Plant Sci. 164: S115–S127.

Suzuki T, K Masaoka, M Nishi, K Nakamura & S Ishiguro (2008), Identification of kaonashi mutants showing abnormal pollen exine structure in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant & Cell Physiol. 49: 1465-1477.


Rhynia gametophytesTaylor TN, H Kerp & H Hass 2005), Life history biology of early land plants: Deciphering the gametophyte phaseProc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA), 102: 5892–5897.


Davallia tasmaniivonKonrat, MJ, JE Braggins & PJ deLange 1999), Davallia (Pteridophyta) in New Zealand, including description of a new subspecies of D. tasmanii. N.Z. J.  Bot., 37: 579–593.


Zhou, Y-L, X-W Liu, S-J Wang, G-R Chen & B-L Tian 2004), On the anatomical structures of the lepidodendralean stem “Lepidodendrontripunctatum from coal balls of Taiyuan Formation in Shandong Province, North China. Acta Bot. Sin. 46: 1261-1268.

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