Echinodermata Dendrogram

Echinodermata - Dendrogram

■──oEchinodermata ├─┬─†Cystoidea │ └─†Blastoidea └─┬─Crinozoa └─○Eleutherozoa ├─○†Edrioasteroidea └─┬?─Holothuroidea └─┬─○Asterozoa │ ├─○Stelleroidea │ │ └─○Somasteroidea │ │ └─○Goniactinida │ │ └─Platasteriidae │ ├─Asteroidea │ └─Ophiuroidea ├?─[†]Concentrocycloidea └?─┬─†Ophiocistioidea └─○Echinozoa └─Echinoidea

References & Links

Conway Morris, S., 1993: The fossil record and early evolution of the Metazoa. --Nature, vol. 361, 21 January, pp. 219-225

The Tree of Life site has an excellent cladogram and discussion of the relationships of Echinodermata, both living and extinct. It differs in a number of respects from our arrangement. The Berkeley UCMP page has yet another arrangement -- a bit more like our own but probably somewhat out of date. Mikko Haaramo's cladogram -- from which ours is derived -- may be found at Echinodermata.  For those determined Linneans out there, the California Academy of Sciences maintains a Linnean scheme at Classification of the Extant Echinodermata. Finally, Tom Holtz has a good discussion of the issues in his course notes at GEOL 331 Lectures 32-33- Echinodermata. ATW050801.

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page uploaded 15 June 2002
checked ATW030718
dendrogram © Mikko Haaramo